Argumentation: Approaches to Theory Formation: Containing Contributions to the Groningen Conference on the Theory of Argumentation, October 1978 (Stud

Argumentation: Approaches to Theory Formation: Containing Contributions to the Groningen Conference on the Theory of Argumentation, October 1978 (Stud

By: E. M. Barth (editor), J. L. Martens (editor)Hardback

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The contributions in the first part 'Re-modelling logic' of this volume take account of formal logic in the theory of 'rational' argumentation. Part two contains papers that distinguish the various dialogue games for logics in terms of 'rights' and 'obligations' of the players. The authors following in the third section study the interaction between participants in a dialogue. Here the tools of the logician are used for the wider purpose of studying the nature of dialogue. The fourth section concern modes of argumentation that are actually found in philosopical texts from earlier centuries. To be followed by contributions in Part five that may be read as attempts to retrieve what was left of the spirit of criticism and debate in philosphy after the onslaught of Cartesianism and idealism.

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1. Contributors; 2. Preface; 3. Part One: Re-Modelling Logic; 4. Introduction (by Barth, E.M.); 5. A Necessary Component of Logic: Empirical Argumentation Analysis (by Naess, Arne); 6. 1. Logic has empirical components and needs empirical research; 7. 2. 'Argumentation analysis'; 8. 3. Options in a clarification and assessment game; 9. 4. Analysis of agreement and pseudo-agreement; 10. 5. Degree of definiteness of intention (discrimination acuity) as a factor in argumentation; 11. 6. The hermeneutical spiral as a factor in argumentation; 12. Die Dialogische Begrundung Von Logikkalkulen (by Lorenzen, P.); 13. 1. Drei Typen von Logikkalkulen; 14. 2. Das Begrundungsproblem; 15. 3. Empraktische Einfuhrung der Verwendungsregeln; 16. 4. Materiale Dialoge: Semantik; 17. 5. Erweiterungen der strengen Dialoge: Liberalisierungen; 18. 6. Die effektive Dialogregel; 19. 7. Das Problem der Konsistenz: Schnittregel; 20. 8. Die klassische Dialogregel; 21. 9. Die Beziehung materialer Dialoge zu Logikkalkulen; 22. 10. Zur Frage der sog: Vollstandigkeit; 23. 11. Vollstandigkeit ohne Semantik; 24. Sherlock Holmes Confronts Modern Logic: Toward a Theory of Information-Seeking Through Questioning (by Hintikka, Jaakko); 25. 1. Sherlock Holmes vs. philosophers on deduction; 26. 2. Making tacit information explicit through questioning; 27. 3. The structure of question-inference complexes; 28. 4. On the principle of total evidence. Bayesianism; 29. 5. The role of observations; 30. 6. Question-answer sequences as games against Nature; 31. 7. Payoffs and strategies; 32. 8. Deductions sometimes replaceable by questions and answers; 33. Semantical Games and Transcendental Arguments (by Hintikka, Jaakko); 34. 1. Kant on the logic of existence; 35. 2. Seeking and finding, and game-theoretical semantics; 36. 3. A transcendental refutation of certain related views; 37. 4. A test-case: branching quantifiers; 38. 5. Material vs. logical truth, formal argumentation, and semantics; 39. 6. From semantical games to dialogical ones; 40. Towards a General Theory of Argumentation (by Apostel, Leo); 41. 1. Logic and rhetorics, heuristics, proof theory; 42. 2. Theory of discussion; 43. 3. What are discussions?; 44. 4. Reduction to the theory of (inter-)action; 45. 5. "Proponent", "Opponent", "defence" and "attack"; 46. 6. Systematic connections between the theory of games and some theories discussed at this conference; 47. 7. Hamblin's theory: What is an argument?; 48. 8. Decomposition of argumentative texts: Sub-games; 49. 9. Equivocation and use of metaphors; 50. Theory of Argumentation and the Dialectical Garb of Formal Logic (by Krabbe, Erik C.W.); 51. Ein Konstruktiver Weg Zur Semantik Der "Moglichen Welten" (by Inhetveen, Rudiger); 52. 1. Dialogebenen: Spielregel; 53. 2. Beispiele; 54. 3. Beziehung zu den modallogischen Standardsystemen; 55. Part Two: Choosing the Rules; 56. Introduction (by Barth, E.M.); 57. On the Criteria for the Choice of Rules of Dialogic Logic (by Lorenz, Kuno); 58. 1. A game-theoretic pragmatic conception of truth; 59. 2. Specifying the game ("global" game rules); 60. 3. Argument rules ("local" game rules); 61. 4. Subjunction; 62. 5. Formal winning-strategy and formal truth; 63. 6. A theorem of formal dialogic logic; 64. A Normative-Pragmatical Foundation of the Rules of some Systems of Formal3 Dialectics (by Barth, E.M.); 65. 1. New foundations: Statemental dialogue attitudes; 66. 2. Two purposes - presentation of the dialectical systems, and the problem of fallacy; 67. 3. Basic norms and ends; implementations; 68. 4. Dialectics should be systematic and thorough going; 69. 5. Dialectics should be orderly and dynamic; 70. 6. Epilogue: The three elementary phases of a critical discussion; 71. Part Three: Describing Argumentative Dialogues; 72. Introduction (by Barth, E.M.); 73. A Set of Concepts for the Study of Dialogical Argumentation (by Gunther, Arnold); 74. 1. Introduction; 75. 2. Argumentation - informally described; 76. 3. Dialogue bases; 77. 4. Co-operative argumentative dialogues and argumentation; 78. Montague-Grammars for Argumentative Dialogues (by Heidrich, Carl H.); 79. 1. Introduction; 80. 2. Background and motivation; 81. 3. An example of a dialogue; 82. 4. A Montague-grammar; 83. Part Four: Analysing Philosophy; 84. Introduction (by Barth, E.M.); 85. Formal Dialectics as Immanent Criticism of Philosophical Systems (by Krabbe, Erik C.W.); 86. 1. Introduction; 87. 2. The provocative thesis; 88. 3. Critical interpretation of the logical constants; 89. 4. Information-seeking interpretation of the logical constants; 90. An Application of Empirical Argumentation Analysis to Spinoza's "Ethics" (by Naess, Arne); 91. 1. The propositions of the "Ethics" conceived of as arguments in a debate; 92. 2. Spinoza's theses of equivalence; 93. 3. Equivalences as arguments; 94. Finite Debates About "The Infinite" (by Barth, E.M.); 95. 1. Two philosophical paradigms; 96. 2. "Tongue-twisting for the sake of consistency" - a recent description of the Weierstrass method; 97. 3. Two-role logic and the notion of 'limit'; 98. 4. Instantaneous velocities; 99. 5. Paradigmatically misleading expressions; 100. 6. Conclusion; 101. Part Five: Analysing Interaction; 102. Introduction (by Barth, E.M.); 103. A Decision-Theoretical Interpretation of Dialogues (by Leopold-Wildburger, Ulrike); 104. On the Philosophy of Argument and the Logic of Common Morality (by Dun, F. van); 105. 1. Dialectical argument and first principles; 106. 2. The fundamental principle of morality; 107. 3. A dialogical approach to the logic of common morality; 108. Theory of Argumentation: A Chronological Bibliography of some Important Works; 109. A. Chronological Bibliography; 110. B. Index of Names to Chronological Bibliography

Product Details

  • publication date: 01/01/1982
  • ISBN13: 9789027230072
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 362
  • ID: 9789027230072
  • weight: 600
  • ISBN10: 9027230072

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