This book provides a systematic analysis of many common argumentation schemes and a compendium of 96 schemes. The study of these schemes, or forms of argument that capture stereotypical patterns of human reasoning, is at the core of argumentation research. Surveying all aspects of argumentation schemes from the ground up, the book takes the reader from the elementary exposition in the first chapter to the latest state of the art in the research efforts to formalize and classify the schemes, outlined in the last chapter. It provides a systematic and comprehensive account, with notation suitable for computational applications that increasingly make use of argumentation schemes.
Douglas Walton is professor of philosophy at the University of Winnipeg. The recipient of numerous fellowships, awards and honors, he is the author of over thirty books, most recently Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation, Media Argumentation, and Witness Testimony Evidence. Chris Reed is senior lecturer and head of research at the School of Computing, University of Dundee. He is the head of the Argumentation Research Group at Dundee, which has been instrumental in the development of the Argument Interchange Format, an international standard for computational work in the area. Fabrizio Macagno is completing his doctorate in linguistics at the Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan.
1. Basic tools in the state of the art; 2. Schemes for argument from analogy, classification and precedent; 3. Knowledge-related, practical and other schemes; 4. Arguments from generally accepted opinions, commitment and character; 5. Causal argumentation schemes; 6. Schemes and enthymemes; 7. Attack, rebuttal and refutation; 8. The history of schemes; 9. A user's compendium of schemes; 10. Refining the classification of schemes; 11. Formalizing schemes; 12. Schemes in computer systems.