This definitive biography shows that Aristotle's philosophy is best understood on the basis of a firm knowledge of his life and of the school he founded. First published in Italian, and now translated, updated, and expanded for English readers, this concise chronological narrative is the most authoritative account of Aristotle's life and his Lyceum available in any language. Gathering, distilling, and analyzing all the evidence and previous scholarship, Carlo Natali, one of the world's leading Aristotle scholars, provides a masterful synthesis that is accessible to students yet filled with evidence and original interpretations that specialists will find informative and provocative. Cutting through the controversy and confusion that have surrounded Aristotle's biography, Natali tells the story of Aristotle's eventful life and sheds new light on his role in the foundation of the Lyceum.
Natali offers the most detailed and persuasive argument yet for the view that the school, an important institution of higher learning and scientific research, was designed to foster a new intellectual way of life among Aristotle's followers, helping them fulfill an aristocratic ideal of the best way to use the leisure they enjoyed. Drawing a wealth of connections between Aristotle's life and thinking, Natali demonstrates how the two are mutually illuminating. For this edition, ancient texts have been freshly translated on the basis of the most recent critical editions; indexes have been added, including a comprehensive index of sources and an index to previous scholarship; and scholarship that has appeared since the book's original publication has been incorporated.
Carlo Natali is professor of the history of philosophy at the University of Venice. His books include The Wisdom of Aristotle and an Italian translation, with revised Greek text, of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. D. S. Hutchinson is professor of philosophy at the University of Toronto. He is the author of The Virtues of Aristotle and the associate editor of Plato: Complete Works.
Preface (2013) - p. vii Introduction (1990) - p. 1 Chapter One - The Biography of Aristotle: Facts, Hypotheses, Conjectures - p. 5 *1. Many Facts, Not All of Equal Interest - p. 5 *2. Stagira - p. 6 *3. A Family of Notables - p. 8 *4. A Provincial Pupil - p. 17 *5. A Sudden Interruption - p. 31 *6. At the Courts of Princes and Kings - p. 32 *6.1. Atarneus - p. 32 *6.2. Macedonia - p. 42 *7. The Adventure of Callisthenes - p. 52 *8. Athens Revisited - p. 55 *9. Trial and Flight - p. 60 *10. From Traditional Customs, a New Model - p. 64 Chapter Two - Institutional Aspects of the School of Aristotle - p. 72 *1. The Three Conditions of the Theoretical Life in Aristotle - p. 72 *2. The Organization of Theoria: The Nature and Organization of the Philosophical Schools - p. 77 *3. The Organization of Theoria: Philosophical Schools and Permanent Institutions - p. 83 *4. Subsequent Events - p. 90 Chapter Three - Internal Organization of the School of Aristotle - p. 96 *1. The Collections of Books - p. 96 *2. Methods of Gathering and Interpreting Information - p. 104 *3. Teaching Supports and Instruments of Research - p. 113 *4. Teaching While Strolling - p. 117 Chapter Four - Studies of Aristotle's Biography from Zeller to the Present Day - p. 120 *1. Sources of Aristotle's Biography - p. 120 *1.1. Texts of Aristotle - p. 120 *1.2. Official Documents - p. 124 *1.3. Ancient Biographies of Aristotle - p. 125 *1.4. The Testimonia of Ancient Authors - p. 130 *2. Images of Aristotle from the Nineteenth Century to the Present - p. 135 Postscript (2012) - p. 145 Notes to: ch. 1 - p. 153; ch. 2 - p. 170; ch. 3 - p. 175; ch. 4 - p. 177 Index of Sources - p. 181 i) epigraphy - p. 181; ii) papyri - p. 181; iii) ancient authors -p. 181; iv) ancient biographies of Aristotle - p. 193; v) modern collections of evidence - p. 194 Bibliographical Index - p. 196 Index of Persons and Places - p. 211