Armies, Politics and Revolution: Chile, 1808-1826 (Liverpool Latin American Studies v.13)
By: Juan Luis Ossa Santa Cruz (author)Hardback
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This book studies the political role of the Chilean military during the years 1808-1826. Beginning with the fall of the Spanish monarchy to Napoleon in 1808 and ending immediately after the last royalist contingents were expelled from the island of Chiloe, it does not seek to give a full picture of the participation of military men on the battlefield but rather to interpret their involvement in local politics. In so doing, this book aims to make a contribution to the understanding of Chile's revolution of independence, as well as to discuss some of the most recent historiographical contributions on the role of the military in the creation of the Chilean republic. Although the focus is placed on the career and participation of Chilean revolutionary officers, this book also provides an overview of both the role of royalist armies and the influence of international events in Chile.
Juan Luis Ossa Santa Cruz is Executive Director of the Centro de Estudios de Historia Politica at Universidad Adolfo Ibanez, Santiago, Chile.
Abbreviations Maps Introduction I. Themes and hypotheses II. Book structure III. A note on sources and terminology Chapter I: Building up a revolutionary army in Chile, 1808-1814 I. 1808-1810: internal responses to imperial crisis II. A conflict of politics, a conflict between provinces III. Revolutionary warfare in Chile IV. The political legitimization of a revolutionary movement Chapter II: Political and military counterrevolution in Chile, 1814-1817 I. Mariano Osorio's political and military behaviour II. Francisco Marco del Pont: alienating internal inhabitants, facing an external threat III. Was it possible to re-conquer Chile? Chapter III: Mendoza: the preparation of a South American army, 1814-1817 I. Chilean emigres in a foreign territory II. The Army of the Andes and the militarization of civil society III. Chileans in the Army of the Andes. Spies, military intelligence and the guerra de zapa IV. Crossing the Cordillera Chapter IV: The establishment of a military regime in Chile, 1817-1823 I. Ruling over an unruly population II. Maipu: battle for territorial dominance III. Irregular warfare in the south of Chile IV. The personalization of politics Chapter V: Becoming a Chilean army. The Ejercito Libertador del Peru, 1818-1823 I. The organization of the Ejercito Libertador del Peru and the first Chilean navy II. Lima: royalist stronghold III. Internal conflicts, external consequences IV. Becoming a Chilean army Chapter VI: The political role of the military in the making of the Chilean republic, 1822-1826 I. The revival of Concepcion and the Army of the South II. The political role of the military in the 1820s. The case of Francisco Antonio Pinto III. Politicizing the army in the Chilean Congress IV. Chiloe: capitulation of revolutionary warfare Conclusion References Index
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