Beginning with Mikhail Gorbachev's December 1988 announcement that Moscow intended to unilaterally reduce its conventional armed forces, the spotlight on arms control has turned away from negotiated treaties toward unilateral reductions, and we have witnessed a number of reciprocal reductions not subject to negotiation. While these initiatives appear novel, this book demonstrates that they are only the tip of a unilateral arms control iceberg. The authors argue that arms control without negotiation - broadly defined to include unilateral reductions to induce reciprocal, as well as unilateral military research, development, procurement, reconfiguration and non-deployment - is as important as treaties, if not more so. The authors discuss the utility of unilateral measures in inducing reciprocation, review the links between defence planning and unilateral arms control, address the domestic politics of arms control issues, and consider implications for the future.
Unilateral Arms Control - a Conceptual Overview, B. Ramberg. Part 1 Unilateral Arms Control to Reduce Reciprocation: The Psychology of Arms Control and Reciprocation, D. Druckman; The Former Soviet Union, R. Gottemoeller; Moratoriums and Arms Control - Lessons from Nuclear Testing, Bacteriological Weapons, and Militarisation in Space, W. Heckrotte. Part 2 Defence Practice as Unilateral Arms Control: Nuclear Strategy, Force Procurement, and Deployment, C. Grey; Choosing and Denying Technology, J. Pilat; Self-Restraint in Nuclear Weapons Procurement - a Comparison of the Swedish, Swiss, Canadian, and German Cases, G. Quester; The Politics of Unilateral Nuclear Free Zones - the Case of the South Pacific, T.V. Paul; Conventional Arms Transfers and Arms Transfer Restraint, E. Laurence. Part 3 The Domestic Politics of Unilateral Arms Control: The Inter-War period, B. Lee; Contemporary Philosophical Roots of the Peace Movement in Europe and the US, B. Bitzinger; Congressional Politics to Induce Reciprocation, L. Jensen. Part 4 Conclusion - Redefining Arms Control: Whither Arms Control? - Unilateralism versus Negotiation in the New World Order, B. Ramberg.