This book presents and analyzes artistic interactions both within the Soviet bloc and between the Western bloc between 1945 and 1989. During the Cold War the exchange of artistic ideas and products united Europe's avant-garde in a most remarkable way. Despite the Iron Curtain and national and political borders there existed a constant flow of artists, artworks, artistic ideas and practices. The geographic borders of these exchanges have yet to be clearly defined. How were networks, centers, peripheries (local, national and international), scales, and distances constructed? How did (neo)avant-garde tendencies relate with officially sanctioned socialist realism? The slowly expanding, newly translated literature on the art of Eastern Europe provides a great deal of factual knowledge about a vast cultural space, but mostly through the prism of stereotypes and national preoccupations.
By discussing artworks, studying the writings on art, observing artistic evolution and artists' strategies, as well as the influence of political authorities, art dealers and art critics, the essays in Art beyond Borders compose a transnational history of arts in the Soviet satellite countries in the post war period.
Jerome Bazin is associate professor in history of art and history at the University of Paris-Est. Pascal Dubourg Glatigny is senior researcher at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Paris. Piotr Piotrowski was professor of art history at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan
List of Illustrations 1. Introduction: Geography of Internationalism Jerome Bazin, Pascal Dubourg Glatigny, and Piotr Piotrowski PART I: MOVING PEOPLE 2. The Moscow Underground Art Scene in an International Perspective Lola Kantor-Kazovsky 3. The British Art Critic and the Russian Sculptor: The Making of John Berger's Art and Revolution Kai Artinger 4. Pop Art in the GDR: Willy Wolff's Dialogue with the West Sigrid Hofer 5. Twinkling Networks, Invisible Ties: On the Unofficial Contacts of Byelorussian Artists in the 1980s Aliona Gloukhova 6. Chocolate, Pop and Socialism: Peter Ludwig and the GDR Boris Pofalla 7. Gabriele Mucchi's Career Paths in Italy, Czechoslovakia and the GDR Fabio Guidali 8. The Murals by Spanish Exile Josep Renau in Halle-Neustadt, a Socialist Town Built for Chemical Workers in the GDR Anja Jackes 9. Women Artists' Trajectories and Networks within the Hungarian Underground Art Scene and Beyond Beata Hock 10. Heightened Alert: The Underground Art Scene in the Sights of the Secret Police-Surveillance Files as a Resource for Research into Artists' Activities in the Underground of the 1960s and 1970s Kata Krasznahorkai PART II: MOVING OBJECTS 11. Remapping Socialist Realism: Renato Guttuso in Poland Katarzyna Murawska-Muthesius 12. Picasso behind the Iron Curtain: From the History of the Postwar Reception of Pablo Picasso in East-Central Europe Piotr Bernatowicz 13. On Propagarde: The Late Period of the Romanian Artist M. H. Maxy Erwin Kessler 14. Realism and Internationalism: On Neuererdiskussion by Willi Neubert (1969) Jerome Bazin 15. Socialist Realism in Greece (1944-67) Costas Baroutas 16. Constructive-Concrete Art in the GDR, Poland, and Hungary Doris Hartmann 17. Nationalizing Modernism: Exhibitions of Hungarian and Czechoslovakian Avant-garde in Warsaw Piotr Piotrowski 18. Avant-garde Construction: Leonhard Lapin and His Concept of Objective Art Mari Laanemets 19. Fluxus in Prague: The Koncert Fluxu of 1966 Petra Stegmann 20. International Contact with Mail Art in the Spirit of Peaceful Coexistence: Birger Jesch's Mail Art Project (1980-81) Stefanie Schwabe PART III: GATHERING PEOPLE 21. (Socialist) Realism Unbound: The Effects of International Encounters on Soviet Art Practice and Discourse in the Khrushchev Thaw Susan E. Reid 22. "Friendly Atmospheres"? The Union Internationale des Architectes between East and West in the 1950s Alexandra Kohring 23. Zagreb as the Location of the "New Tendencies" International Art Movement (1961-73) Ljilana Kolesnik 24. The Graphic Arts Biennials in the 1950s and 1960s: The Slim "Cut" in the Iron Curtain-The Bulgarian Case Irina Genova 25. The Biennale der Ostseelander: The GDR's Main International Arts Exhibition Elke Neumann 26. Czechoslovakia at the Venice Biennale in the 1950s Veronika Wolf 27. "Biennale of Dissent" (1977): Nonconformist Art from the USSR in Venice Jan May 28. Correcting the Czech(oslovakian) Error: The Cooperation of Hungarian and Czechoslovakian Artists in the Face of the Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia Magdalena Radomska 29. Crossing the Border: The Foksal Gallery from Warsaw in Lausanne/Paris (1970) and Edinburgh (1972 and 1979) Thomas Skowronek 30. To Each Their Own Reality: The Art of the FRG and the GDR at the Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in 1981 Mathilde Arnoux PART IV: DEFINING EUROPE 31. Moscow-Paris-Havana-Mexico, 1945-60 Serge Fauchereau 32. A Dying Colonialism, a Dying Orientalism: Algeria, 1952 Sarah Wilson 33. Global Socialist Realism: The Representation of Non-European Cultures in Polish Art of the 1950s Andrzej Szczerski 34. The Influence of Kathe Kollwitz on Chinese Creation: Between Expressionism and Revolutionary Realism Estelle Bories 35. The Eastern Connection: Depictions of Soviet Central Asia Aliya Abykayeva-Tiesenhausen 36. The Visualization of the Third Way in Tito's Yugoslavia Tanja Zimmermann List of Contributors