Was the US-led war on terror, especially the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, a necessary response to the September 11 terrorist attacks? What did the two invasions accomplish? How have the fortunes of al-Qaeda and like-minded organisations been affected? The authors of this important contribution to ongoing debates address these questions as they assess the impact and implications of the war on terror for the Middle East, for Europe, and for the United States itself.
Mohammed Ayoob is University Distinguished Professor of international relations at Michigan State University, USA. His most recent publications include The Many Faces of Political Islam and Religion and Politics in Saudi Arabia. Etga Ugur is assistant professor of political science at the University of Washington, Tacoma, USA.