The late nineteenth-century was an era of contrasts. On the one hand, philosophical materialism was increasing its influence over science. On the other, there was a growing social awareness and quest for spiritual values.
Karl Koenig explores the personal stories of twenty-nine pioneers whose work and experiences helped shape that era. They include artists and writers, social reformers, philosophers and political activists, and scientists. He considers how they responded as individuals to the challenges of the changing world around them. His insights and conclusions are relevant for us today, as we face our own time of change and upheaval.
The biographies include Helen Keller (1880-1968), Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Lou Salome (1861-1937), Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), Charles Darwin (1809-1882) and Adolf von Hildebrand (1847-1921).
Karl Konig (1902-66) was well-known as a physician, author and lecturer. He began his work at the Institute of Embryology at the University of Vienna. In 1940 he founded the Camphill Movement in Scotland. Based on the educational ideas of Rudolf Steiner, these special education schools for children, and villages for adults with special needs, are now established all over Britain and Europe, North America and Southern Africa.
Adalbert Stifter (1805-1868) Austrian writer and painter Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) Founder of homeopathy Helen Keller (1880-1968) Deaf-blind author and political activist Ernst von Feuchtersleben (1806-1849) Austrian physician and philosopher Josef Breuer (1842-1925) Austrian physician who laid the foundations of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Founder of psychoanalysis Justinus Kerner (1786-1862) German poet and medical writer Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) German anthropologist and biologist Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) German philosopher Rudolph Wagner (1865-1864) German anatomist and physiologist Alma Mahler (1879-1964) Austrian socialite Lou Salome (1861-1937) Russian-born psychoanalyst and writer Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) Austrian-Bohemian composer Marie Eugenie delle Grazie (1864-1931) Writer and dramatist Karl Eugen Neumann (1865-1915) Translator of Buddhist writings Robert Owen (1771-1858) Industrialist and social reformer Harry Graf Kessler (1868-1937) Anglo-German diplomat and arts patron Charles Darwin (1809-1882) English naturalist Charles Grant (1841-1889) Scottish poet and literary critic Adolf von Hildebrand (1847-1921) German sculptor Anton Dohrn (1840-1909) German Darwinist Hans von Marees (1837-1887) German painter Carl Ludwig Schleich (1859-1922) German surgeon and writer