Augustine in Context assesses the various contexts - historical, literary, cultural, spiritual - in which Augustine lived and worked. The essays, written by an international team of scholars especially for this volume, provide the background against which Augustine's treatises should be read and interpreted. They are organized according to a rationale which moves from an introduction to the person (the so-called 'personal context') to the contexts of Augustine's works and ideas, starting from the intellectual setting and extending to the socio-political realm. Collectively the essays highlight the embeddedness of Augustine in the world of late antiquity and the interdependence of his discourse with contemporary forms of social life. They shed new light on one of the most important figures of the western canon and facilitate a more enlightened reading of his writings.
Tarmo Toom is an Associate Professor of Historical Theology at the John Leland Center for Theological Studies, Arlington, and a Professorial Lecturer at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. He has authored three books and edited two volumes, the latest of them is Patristic Theories of Biblical Interpretation: The Latin Fathers (Cambridge, 2016). His primary research areas are patristic hermeneutics and philosophy of language (particularly those of Augustine), Trinitarian theology, early Christian creeds, and Constantine. He is a member of the North American Patristics Society and the International Association of Patristic Studies.
1. Chronological chart; 2. 'Augustine in Context and Augustine on context' Tarmo Toom; Part I. Life: 3. Biography in late antiquity Arthur P. Urbano; 4. Augustine on himself Annemarei Kotzei; 5. Possidius on Augustine Erika T. Hermanowicz; 6. Augustine in Roman North Africa (Thagaste, Carthage) Gareth Sears; 7. Augustine in higher society (Rome and Milan) David Gwynn; 8. Augustine as a Bishop (Hippo) Andrea Sterk; Part II. Literary and intellectual contexts: 9. Language James Clackson; 10. Classical literary culture in North Africa Martin Bloomer; 11. Education, grammar, and rhetoric Yun Lee Too; 12. Scripture and biblical commentaries Stephen A. Cooper; 13. Latin Christian literature I (polemical and theological writings) Josef Loessl; 14. Latin Christian literature II (moral and spiritual writings) David Hunter; 15. Letter-writing and preaching Jaclyn Maxwell; 16. Philosophical trends in Augustine's time Giovanni Catapano; Part III. Religious Contexts: 17. Roman religion Jeffrey Brodd; 18. Manicheism Nicholas Baker-Brian; 19. Ecclesiological controversies Alden Bass; 20. Soteriological controversies Dominic Keech; 21. Trinitarian controversies Mark Weedman; 22. Monasticism/asceticism Marilyn Dunn; Part IV. Political, Social, and Cultural Contexts: 23. Imperial politics and legislation in Roman Africa Dean Hammer; 24. War Alexander Sarantis; 25. Religious violence Despina Iosif; 26. Relationships in Augustine's life Geoffrey Nathan; 27. Popular culture and entertainment Jerry Toner; Part V. Reception: 28. Augustine's reception of himself Johannes Brachtendorf; 29. Reception of Augustine during his lifetime Mathijs Lamberigts; 30. Reception of Augustine in Hadrumetum and Southern Gaul Alexander Y. Hwang.