This book provides close personalized insights into the particular circumstances of artistic production in China during the decade leading up to the Tiananmen killings of 4 June 1979. The conversations are supported by an extended introduction, section introductions and comprehensive footnotes giving a comprehensive overview. No other source provides such detail. It is illustrated throughout with often previously unpublished photographs of the artists and artworks under discussion. This book gives a critical account of four of the most significant avant-garde Chinese art groups and associations of the late 1970s and '80s. It is made up largely of conversations conducted by the author with members of these organizations that provide insight into the circumstances or artistic production during the decade leading up to the Tiananmen Square Massacre of 1989. The conversations are supported by an extended introduction and other comprehensive notes that give a detailed overview of the historical circumstances under which the groups and associations developed.