Foreword by Yi-Fu Tuan; Acknowledgements; Chapter 1: Theories and Method; I. Political Discourse of Transition in Retrospect; 1. The Chinese Context and the Political Discourse of Transition; 2. Transition as Governmental Coalition and Its Rationale; (1) Current Approaches Toward State-Society Relationships; (2) Failure of Both Approaches In China; (3) Center-Province bargaining Coalition; (4) Transition As A Process of Political Compromise Between Center and Peripheries; (5) Chinese Reform As A Governmental bargaining Coalition; II. Building bargaining Coalition - - A Theoretical Framework; 1. A Historical and Institutional perspective on Transition; 2. Factors mediating Transition; 3. Building Bargaining Coalition in China; 4. System Paradox in Coalition Politics; III. Data and Methodological Considerations; 1. Data and Methods; 2. Methodological Considerations; (1) Analytical Indicators; (2) Comparative cases Study; (3) The Structure of Writing; Chapter 2: Historical and Institutional Legacies; I. Centralization of Disillusionment; 1. Central Empire over Regional Powers; 2. Cycles of Mandate and Fragmentation; II. Consistent efforts for Institutional Remedies; 1. Political Systems before Modern China; 2. Pattern of Central-Local Relations in Leninist China; III. What Went Wrong?; 1. Other Perspectives on the Cycle of Mandate and Fragmentation; 2. The Role of Primordialism and Instrumentalism; 3. Summary; Chapter 3: Building Bargaining Coalitions in Economic Decentralization; I. Factors Mediating Transitions; AND MORE.