About the Author
JEFF ARCHER, a former Education Week writer, is president of Knowledge Design Partners, a communications and knowledge management consulting business with a focus on school change issues. STEVE CANTRELL, a former teacher, is a senior program officer in the K 12 division at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, where he codirected the Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) project. STEVEN L. HOLTZMAN is a senior research data analyst in the Data Analysis and Research Technologies group at ETS. JILLIAM N. JOE, a former research scientist at ETS, runs a research and assessment consulting business, Measure by Design. CYNTHIA M. TOCCI, a former teacher, spent more than 20 years at ETS, where she served as an executive director in research. She now runs a consulting business, Educational Observations. JESS WOOD is a senior policy advisor at EducationCounsel, where she works with states and districts to improve educator preparation, support, and evaluation. A former teacher, she led observer training at District of Columbia Public Schools.