The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context.
This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.
Kerstin Jacobsson is Professor of Sociology at SA dertA rn University, Sweden. Steven Saxonberg is Professor of Sociology at Masaryk University, Czech Republic.
Contents: Preface; Introduction; the development of social movements in Central and Eastern Europe, Kerstin Jacobsson and Steven Saxonberg; Channeling and enrollment: the institutional shaping of animal rights activism in Poland, Kerstin Jacobsson; At the intersection of gender and class: social mobilization around mothersa (TM) rights in Poland, Renata E. Hryciuk and Elzbieta Korolczuk; Overcoming disempowerment: the home-birth movement in Hungary, Katalin FA!biA!n; The influence of a "conservativea (TM) womena (TM)s and family organizations in Hungary and the Czech Republic, Steven Saxonberg; From NGOs to naught: the rise and fall of the Czech gay rights movement, Conor Oa (TM)Dwyer; A typology of extra-parliamentary political activism in post-Communist settings: the case of the Czech Republic, Ondrej CA-sar; The social movement against immigration as the vehicle and the agent of racialization in Russia, Nikolay Zakharov; a "Taganka 3a (TM) group: an instance of local urban activism in Moscow, Aleh Invanou; Environmental movement activism in the Western Balkans: evidence from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Adam Fagan and Indraneel Sircar; Mobilizing against post-Communist autocracy: the challenge of competitive authoritarianism, Philipp Kuntz; Conclusion, Kerstin Jacobsson and Steven Saxonberg; Index.
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