Born into slavery in around 1853 on a cotton plantation in Benton, Alabama, Traylor has become one of the most important self-taught artists of the twentieth century and certainly one of the most celebrated African-American artists, along with Thorton Dial and William Edmondson. The story of Bill Traylor's life and work is a remarkable one. It is a story that deserves attention both nationally and internationally.
This publication, generously illustrated with full-page high-quality reproductions, will provide a close examination of Traylor's recurrent themes, composition schemes, favoured iconography and contextual information related to the artist's biography, creative process and tools, visual environment and artistic mindset.
Each artwork is considered in a context beyond that of an isolated image and in response to one another, forming a series of intricate and consistent narratives, intriguingly cinematic in its development. The elements of Traylor's biography are the anchors of an individual mythology.
Instead of merely being a basic depiction, the subject becomes a visual statement structuring Traylor's mind, bringing together hidden symbols from Kongo Vodou, Hoodoo, Southern Baptist, Freemasonry and Blues sources, as well as layers of references: slavery, uncensored violence in the Jim Crow era and turbulence within the black enclave known as "Dark Town"
in Montgomery, Alabama.
Valerie Rousseau is curator, self-taught art and art brut at the American Folk Art Museum, New York. Her publications include The Hidden Art: 20th and 21st Century Self-Taught Art and Revealing Art Brut. Debra Purden is an American historian and Bill Traylor specialist. She has been part of the curatorial team at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, and has held positions at the Field Museum of Natural History, The Art Institute of Chicago, and the Chicago Cultural Center.