Biomass Recalcitrance: Deconstructing the Plant Cell Wall for Bioenergy

Biomass Recalcitrance: Deconstructing the Plant Cell Wall for Bioenergy

By: Michael E. Himmel (editor)Hardback

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Description

Alternative and renewable fuels derived from lignocellulosic biomass offer a promising alternative to conventional energy sources, and provide energy security, economic growth, and environmental benefits. However, plant cell walls naturally resist decomposition from microbes and enzymes - this collective resistance is known as "biomass recalcitrance". Breakthrough technologies are needed to overcome barriers to developing cost-effective processes for converting biomass to fuels and chemicals. This book examines the connection between biomass structure, ultrastructure, and composition, to resistance to enzymatic deconstruction, with the aim of discovering new cost-effective technologies for biorefineries. It contains chapters on topics extending from the highest levels of biorefinery design and biomass life-cycle analysis, to detailed aspects of plant cell wall structure, chemical treatments, enzymatic hydrolysis, and product fermentation options. Biomass Recalcitrance is essential reading for researchers, process chemists and engineers working in biomass conversion, also plant scientists working in cell wall biology and plant biotechnology.

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About Author

Dr Michael E. Himmel is a Principal Scientist and Group Manager at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, CO, USA, where he has worked for 28 years on projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of the Biomass Program. Contributors: Dr William S. Adney Dr Rajai Atalla Dr M. Bar-Peled Dr Ed Bayer Dr Alison Berry Dr John Brady Dr Mike Crowley Dr Laurence B Davin Dr David C. Dayton Dr Stephen Decker Dr Shi-You Ding Dr Rick Elander Professor Harry J Flint Dr Tomas Foust Dr Philip Harris Dr Bernard Henrissat Dr J. Richard Hess Dr Michael E Himmel Dr Kelly N. Isben Dr David Johnson Dr Michael Jourdes Dr Kevin E. Kenney Dr Raphael Lamed Dr Norman Lewis Dr Lee R Lynd Dr James F. Matthews Dr Jim McMillan Dr D. Mohnen Dr Mark Nimlos Dr Ann M. Pattern Dr Stephen K. Picataggio Dr Xianghong Qian Dr Chris Somerville Dr Bruce Stone Dr Daniel van der Lelie Dr Liisa Vikari Dr Ross Walker Dr David Wilson Dr Y.H Percival Zhang Dr Matti Siika-aho

Contents

1 - Introduction - Michael E. Himmel. 2 - The Biorefinery - Thomas D. Foust, Kelly N. Ibsen, David C. Dayton, J. Richard Hess, Kevin E. Kenney. 3 - Anatomy and Ultra Structure of Maize Cell Walls: An Example Energy Plant - Shi-You Ding and Michael E. Himmel. 4 - Chemistry and Molecular Organization of Plant Cell Walls - Philip J. Harris and Bruce A. Stone. 5 - Cell Wall Synthesis - Debra Mohnen, Maor Bar-Peled, and Chris Somerville. 6 - Structures of Plant Cell Wall Celluloses - Rajai H. Atalla, John W. Brady, James F. Matthews, Shi-You Ding & Michael E. Himmel. 7 - Lignins: A 21st Century Challenge - Laurence B. Davin, Ann M. Patten, Michael Jourdes, and Norman G. Lewis. 8 - Computational Approaches to Study Cellulose Hydrolysis - Michael F. Crowley and Ross C. Walker. 9 - Mechanisms of Xylose and Xylooligomer Degradation During Acid Pretreatment - Xianghong Qian and Mark R. Nimlos. 10 - Enzymatic Depolymerization of Plant Cell Wall Hemicelluloses - Stephen R. Decker, Matti Siika-aho, and Liisa Viikari. 11 - Aerobic Microbial Cellulase Systems - David B. Wilson. 12 - Cellulase Systems Of Anaerobic Micro-Organisms From The Rumen And Large Intestine - Harry J. Flint. 13 - The Cellulosome: A Natural Bacterial Strategy to Combat Biomass Recalcitrance - Edward A. Bayer, Bernard Henrissat, and Raphael Lamed. 14 - Pretreatments for Enhanced Digestibility of Feedstocks - David K. Johnson and Richard T. Elander. 15 - Understanding the Biomass Decay Community - William S. Adney, Daniel van der Lelie, Alison Berry, and Michael E. Himmel. 16 - New Generation Biomass Conversion: Consolidated Bioprocessing - Y.-H. Percival Zhang and Lee R. Lynd

Product Details

  • publication date: 30/05/2008
  • ISBN13: 9781405163606
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 528
  • ID: 9781405163606
  • weight: 1308
  • ISBN10: 1405163607

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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