Literature on the life history of birds is abundant and knowledge continues to grow. But there are few reference documents that compile this information so it is readily available without conducting extensive literature searches.In this book, information on habitat, limiting factors, and status is summarized for 84 species of nonpasserines that occur regularly in Ontario. These topics are covered for the three primary avian seasons: breeding, migration, and winter. Habitat, nest sites, territoriality, site fidelity, annual reproductive effort, habitat loss and degradation, environmental contaminants, and a variety of other topics are covered in the species accounts. A map depicting breeding and wintering range is presented for each species, and illustrations by Ross James accompany each listing.
Al Sandilands is Senior Ecologist and principal of Gray Owl Environmental Inc. His formal learning focused on fisheries and aquatic entomology but, through his long-time interest in birds, he evolved into a wildlife biologist. For most of his career, he has been an environmental consultant. Ross James, an ornithologist by profession, has pursued bird illustration for more than 40 years. He has published illustrations in two volumes of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, in the Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, on covers of Ontario Birds, and in the Birds of North America species accounts. He grew up in and currently resides in rural Ontario where daily contact with the natural world continues to inspire his interest in art and illustration.
Introduction Scope and Sources of Information Format of the Species Accounts Species Accounts Snow Goose Ross's Goose Canada Goose Brant Mute Swan Trumpeter Swan Tundra Swan Wood Duck Gadwall American Wigeon American Black Duck Mallard Blue-winged Teal Cinnamon Teal Northern Shoveler Northern Pintail Green-winged Teal Canvasback Redhead Ring-necked Duck Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup King Eider Common Eider Surf Scoter White-winged Scoter Black Scoter Long-tailed Duck Bufflehead Common Goldeneye Hooded Merganser Common Merganser Red-breasted Merganser Ruddy Duck Gray Partridge Ring-necked Pheasant Ruffed Grouse Spruce Grouse Willow Ptarmigan Sharp-tailed Grouse Greater Prairie-Chicken Wild Turkey Northern Bobwhite Red-throated Loon Pacific Loon Common Loon Pied-billed Grebe Horned Grebe Red-necked Grebe Eared Grebe American White Pelican Double-crested Cormorant American Bittern Least Bittern Great Blue Heron Great Egret Snowy Egret Cattle Egret Green Heron Black-crowned Night-Heron Turkey Vulture Osprey Bald Eagle Northern Harrier Sharp-shinned Hawk Cooper's Hawk Northern Goshawk Red-shouldered Hawk Broad-winged Hawk Swainson's Hawk Red-tailed Hawk Rough-legged Hawk Golden Eagle American Kestrel Merlin Gyrfalcon Peregrine Falcon Yellow Rail King Rail Virginia Rail Sora Common Moorhen American Coot Sandhill Crane Appendices Literature Cited Index to Common and Scientific Bird Names