Al Sandilands is an environmental consultant employed by his own firm, Gray Owl Environmental Inc. His formal learning focused on fisheries and aquatic entomology but, through his long-time interest in birds, he evolved into a wildlife biologist. Ross James, an ornithologist by profession, has pursued bird illustration for more than forty years. He grew up in and currently resides in rural Ontario where daily contact with the natural world continues to inspire his interest in art and illustration. Al Sandilands is an environmental consultant employed by his own firm, Gray Owl Environmental Inc.
INTRODUCTION Scope and Sources of Information Format of the Species Accounts Future Research SPECIES ACCOUNTS Black-bellied Plover American Golden-Plover Semipalmated Plover Piping Plover Killdeer Black-necked Stilt American Avocet Spotted Sandpiper Solitary Sandpiper Greater Yellowlegs Willet Lesser Yellowlegs Upland Sandpiper Eskimo Curlew Whimbrel Hudsonian Godwit Marbled Godwit Ruddy Turnstone Red Knot Sanderling Semipalmated Sandpiper Western Sandpiper Least Sandpiper White-rumped Sandpiper Baird's Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Purple Sandpiper Dunlin Stilt Sandpiper Buff-breasted Sandpiper Ruff Short-billed Dowitcher Long-billed Dowitcher Wilson's Snipe American Woodcock Wilson's Phalarope Red-necked Phalarope Bonaparte's Gull Little Gull Franklin's Gull Ring-billed Gull Herring Gull Iceland Gull Lesser Black-backed Gull Glaucous Gull Great Black-backed Gull Caspian Tern Black Tern Common Tern Arctic Tern Forster's Tern Parasitic Jaeger Black Guillemot Rock Pigeon Mourning Dove Yellow-billed Cuckoo Black-billed Cuckoo Barn Owl Eastern Screech-Owl Great Horned Owl Snowy Owl Northern Hawk Owl Barred Owl Great Gray Owl Long-eared Owl Short-eared Owl Boreal Owl Northern Saw-whet Owl Common Nighthawk Chuck-will's-widow Whip-poor-will Chimney Swift Ruby-throated Hummingbird Belted Kingfisher Red-headed Woodpecker Red-bellied Woodpecker Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Downy Woodpecker Hairy Woodpecker American Three-toed Woodpecker Black-backed Woodpecker Northern Flicker Pileated Woodpecker Literature Cited Index to Common and Scientific Bird Names