Examining contemporary cultural and political changes in Europe as they are reflected in the region's borderlands, this in-depth analysis combines the classical heritage of boundary studies with a profound understanding of the social construction of borders. The book employs a rich variety of perspectives on globalization, the rise of national and ethnic identities, contemporary European integration, and the enlargement of the EU. Utilizing original case studies that stretch from Lapland to Italy, from Serbia to Northern Ireland, the contributors draw upon border study methodologies ranging from survey questionnaires to discourse analysis, from landscape studies to the exploration of cultural texts. They pay particular attention to the role of geographical scale, identity, history, and social and economic contexts in the dynamic evolution of European borderlands. Throughout, the book explores how borderlands are experienced by ordinary people and employed by institutional actors in charge of cross-border cooperation.