Bourgeois Radicals explores the NAACP's key role in the liberation of Africans and Asians across the globe even as it fought Jim Crow on the home front during the long civil rights movement. For NAACP's leaders, the way to create a stable international system, stave off communism in Africa and Asia, and prevent capitalist exploitation was to embed human rights, with its economic and cultural protections, in the transformation of colonies into nations. Indeed, the NAACP aided in the liberation struggles of multiple African and Asian countries within the limited ideological space of the Second Red Scare. However, its vision of a 'third way' to democracy for the hundreds of millions in Asia and Africa was only partially realized due to a toxic combination of the Cold War, Jim Crow, and imperialism. Bourgeois Radicals examines the toll that internationalism took on the organization and illuminates the linkages between the struggle for human rights and the fight for colonial independence.
Carol Anderson is an associate professor of African American studies and history at Emory University, Atlanta.
1. Rising wind; 2. 'The white man's burden has not been very heavy': the NAACP's anticolonial struggle against South Africa, 1946-51; 3. 'An even larger issue than 'containing communism'': the NAACP and the Italian colonies; 4. So weak, so seventeenth century: Indonesia and the domestic jurisdiction of Dutch colonialism; 5. Regime change; Conclusion: beyond the single story.