In the 1920s and early 1930s, the Communist Party embraced a policy to promote national consciousness among the Soviet Union's many national minorities as a means of Sovietizing them. In Ukraine, Ukrainian-language schooling, coupled with pedagogical innovation, was expected to serve as the lynchpin of this social transformation for the republic's children. The first detailed archival study of the local implications of Soviet nationalities policy, Breaking the Tongue examines the implementation of the Ukrainization of schools and children's organizations. Matthew D. Pauly demonstrates that Ukrainization faltered because of local resistance, a lack of resources, and Communist Party anxieties about nationalism and a weakening of Soviet power - a process that culminated in mass arrests, repression, and a fundamental adjustment in policy.
Matthew D. Pauly is an assistant professor in the Department of History at Michigan State University.
List of Illustrations List of Terms A Note on Transliteration A Note on Administrative Division in Soviet Ukraine Introduction 1: Primary Lessons 2: Adapting to Place 3: The Conversion 4: Treading Carefully 5: Learning the New Language of Pedagogy 6: Limited Urgency 7: The Question of the Working Class 8: Children as Salvation: The Young Pioneers and Komsomol 9: Ukrainization in a Non-Ukrainian City 10: The Correction 11: Children Corrupted and Exalted 12: The Path Ahead Conclusion Biographical and Informational Sketches Bibliography Index