This text equips radiologists with a firm working knowledge of the physical principles underlying cardiovascular MR image generation. Emphasis is on practical applications of MR physics in customizing and optimizing imaging sequences and protocols and minimizing artifacts.
Section I covers basic principles of MR physics and includes a chapter on safety. Section II applies these principles to vascular imaging, including gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography. Section III examines various techniques and applications of cardiac MR imaging.
Each chapter includes boxed Key Concepts, Challenging Questions, and Review Questions, and many chapters include sample protocols. More than 400 drawings and scans complement the text.
Abbreviations and Symbols MR PHYSICS Overview of MRI and Basic Principles RF Excitation and Signal Generation Tissue Characteristics and Contrast Agents: PD, T1, and T2 Echoes Spatial Localization and Introduction to k-space k-space More k-space: The Relationship between k-space and the Image Fast Scanning and k-space Shortcuts Selectively Saturating, Nulling, and Exciting Protons Safety and Cardiovascular MRI VASCULAR MR IMAGING Flow Time-of-Flight MR Angiography Phase Contrast MRI: Flow Quantification and MR Angiography Gadolinium-enhanced MR Angiography CARDIAC MR IMAGING ECG Gating Cardiac Imaging Planes Black Blood Imaging Cine Gradient Echo Imaging Tissue Characterization in the Heart Phase Contrast Flow Quantification in the Heart Ischemic Cardiac Disease Coronary Artery Imaging Glossary of Terms