Cartoons in Hard Times provides a comprehensive analysis of the short subject animation released by the Walt Disney and Warner Brothers from 1932 and 1945, one of the most turbulent periods in Unites States history. Through a combination of content analysis, historical understanding and archival research, this book sheds new light on a hitherto unexplored area of animation, suggesting the ways in which Disney and Warner Brothers animation engaged with historical, social, economic and political changes in this era.
The book also traces the development of animation into a medium fit for propaganda in 1941 and the changes in characters, tone, music and narrative that took place to facilitate this transition. Animation transformed in this era from a medium of entertainment, to a socio-political commentator before finally undertaking government sponsored propaganda during the Second World War.
Tracey Louise Mollet is a Lecturer in Media and Communication at the University of Leeds, UK.
List of Figures Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations 1. The Storyboard So Far 2. The Roosevelt Honeymoon 1932-1934 3. Animating Depression America 1934-1937 4. International Relations in Animation 1936-1941 5. Animated Nationalism 1937-1941 6. Animation at War: Disney, Warner Brothers and the United States Government 1941-1943 7. Animation at War: Disney, Warner Brothers and War-Time Entertainment 1941-1945 8. That's All Folks Works Cited Filmography