This first book to focus on the topic serves as a basis for defining a roadmap for the role of catalysis in energy production. As such, this ready reference for researchers and engineers covers all the hot topics from a broad perspective -- fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage, methane storage and industrial catalysis. With its analysis of new directions and opportunities in the area and its integration of industrial, governmental and academic points of view, this is a real must-have for everyone interested in "greener" energy production.
Pierluigi Barbaro obtained his PhD from the University of Florence and completed his Post-Doctoral work at ETH in Zurich, later becoming a permanent Researcher at the Istituto di Chimica dei Composti Organo Metallici in Florence. Since 2005 he has been a member of the Governing Board of the VI° FP Network of Excellence IDECAT "Integrated Design of Catalytic Nanomaterials for a Sustainable Production". His main research interest is in the field of homogeneous, heterogeneous and asymmetric catalysis, in particular nanostructured catalysts for application in sustainable production processes. He is the author of more than 60 research papers and 6 patents. In 1991 he was awarded the National award "Federchimica". Claudio Bianchini is Director of the Institute of Chemistry of Organometallics of the Italian National Research Council. He is author of approximately 430 publications and 43 patents. His research fields include catalysis, polymerization, electrocatalysts and membranes for fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage, asymmetric synthesis, solid-gas organometallic reactions, (high-pressure) IR and NMR spectroscopy. He is the recipient of several awards including the G.I.C.O. Senior Award, the Arthur D. Little Award, the Seaborg Memorial Lecture and the National award "Federchimica".
PART I: Fuel Cuells THE DIRECT ETHANOL FUEL CELL: A CHALLENGE TO CONVERT BIOETHANOL CLEANLY INTO ELECTRIC ENERGY Introduction Principles and Different Kinds of Fuel Cells Low-Temperature Fuel Cells (PEMFCs and DAFCs) Solid Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells (SAMFC) PERFORMANCE OF DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELLS FOR PORTABLE POWER APPLICATIONS Introduction Experimental Results and Discussion SELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOFIBERS AS BETTER CATALYST SUPPORTS FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE FUEL CELLS Introduction Preparation and Characterization of CNFs and Fuel Cell Catalysts Results TOWARDS FULL ELECTRIC MOBILITY: ENERGY AND POWER SYSTEMS Introduction The Current Grand Challenges Power-Energy Needed in Vehicles A Great New Opportunity for True Zero Emissions Advanced Systems Integration PART II: Hydrogen Storage MATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE The Primitive Phase Diagram of Hydrogen Hydrogen Storage Methods Pressurized Hydrogen Liquid Hydrogen Physisorption Metal Hydrides Complex Hydrides Chemical Hydrides (Hydrolysis) New Hydrogen Storage Materials PART III: Three H2 and Hydrogen Vectors Production CATALYST DESIGN FOR REFORMING OF OXYGENATES Introduction Catalyst Design Reforming Reactions: Process Principles Key Examples of Oxygenate Reforming Reactions ELECTROCATALYSIS IN WATER ELECTROLYSIS Introduction Thermodynamic Considerations Kinetic Considerations The Hydrogen Evolution Reaction The Oxygen Evolution Reaction Electrocatalysts: State-of-the-Art Water Electrolysis: State-of-the-Art Beyond Oxygen Evolution ENERGY FROM ORGANIC WASTE: INFLUENCE OF THE PROCESS PARAMETERS ON THE PRODUCTION OF METHANE AND HYDROGEN Introduction Experimental Results and Discussion NATURAL GAS AUTOTHERMAL REFORMING: AN EFFECTIVE OPTION FOR A SUSTAINABLE DISTRIBUTED PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN Introduction Autothermal Reforming: From Chemistry to Engineering Thermodynamic Analysis A Case Study Economic Aspects PART IV: Industrial Catalysis for Sustainable Energy THE USE OF CATALYSIS IN THE PRODUCTION OF HIGH-QUALITY BIODIESEL Introduction Heterogeneous Transesterification and Esterification Catalysts Selective Hydrogenation in Biodiesel Production PHOTOVOLTAICS - CURRENT TRENDS AND VISION FOR THE FUTURE Introduction Market: Present Situation and Challenges Ahead Crystalline Silicon Technology Thin Films Other Technology-Related Aspects Advanced and Emerging Technologies System Aspects CATALYTIC COMBUSTION FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY Introduction Lean Catalytic Combustion for Gas Turbines Fuel-Rich Catalytic Combustion Oxy-Fuel Combustion Microcombustors Catalytic Materials CATALYTIC REMOVAL OF NOx UNDER LEAN CONDITIONS FROM STATIONARY AND MOBILE SOURCES Introduction Selective Catalytic Reduction NOx Storage Reduction Open Issues and Future Opportunities