It is hard to imagine the Middlesbrough area before its industrial might was established. In 1801, the area was a small hamlet with a population of just twenty-five. Middlesbrough's growth began with the development of the coal export trade in the area, but expanded rapidly with the discovery of extensive iron ore deposits in the Cleveland Hills. The burgeoning manufacturing town subsequently gained the nickname 'Ironopolis' and was hailed as 'the youngest child of England's enterprise'. It is thought that Middlesbrough was the first major British town and industrial target to be bombed during the Second World War. The steel industry and railways were obvious targets for the Luftwaffe. Middlesbrough suffered heavy damage and following the war substantial redevelopment was necessary. The substantial changes the town has since seen are explored in this fascinating volume, celebrating the rise of Middlesbrough from the ashes of its past.
Tosh Warwick is currently completing a PhD on 'Middlesbrough's Steel Magnates: Culture, Politics and Participation, 1880-1934'. He has published several articles on the history of Middlesbrough, its early twentieth century urban elite and industrial heritage. Having previously worked as History Lecturer at the University of Huddersfield, Tosh is currently the Education, Learning and Events Officer at the town's landmark Tees Transporter Bridge.