Pioneering participatory, social change-oriented media, the program had a national and international impact on documentary film-making, yet this is the first comprehensive history and analysis of its work. The volume's contributors study dozens of films produced by the program, their themes, aesthetics, and politics, and evaluate their legacy and the program's place in Canadian, Quebecois, and world cinema. An informative and nuanced look at a cinematic movement, Challenge for Change reemphasizes not just the importance of the NFB and its programs but also the role documentaries can play in improving the world.
Thomas Waugh, professor in the Mel Hoppenheim School of Cinema at Concordia University, is the author of The Romance of Transgression in Canada: Queering Sexualities, Nations, Cinemas. Michael Brendan Baker is Professor of Film Studies in the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences at Sheridan College. Ezra Winton is a PhD candidate in the Department of Journalism and Communication Studies at Carleton University and the founder of the Cinema Politca Network.
Illustrations; Acknowledgments Foreword Putting Ideas into the World: A Conversation with Naomi Klein about Starting Conversations with Film / Ezra Winton & Naomi Klein 1 Introduction: Forty Years Later... a Space for Challenge for Change/Societe nouvelle / Michael Brendan Baker, Thomas Waugh, & Ezra Winton PART 1 HISTORICAL SPACES: IN THE HEAT OF THE ACTION 2 Grierson and Challenge for Change (1984) / Colin Low; 3 In the Hands of Citizens: A Video Report (1969) / Dorothy Todd Henaut & Bonnie Sherr Klein; 4 Saint-Jerome: The Experience of a Filmmaker as Social Animator (1968) / Fernand Dansereau; 5 A Voice for Canadian Indians: An Indian Film Crew (1968) / Noel Starblanket; 6 Fiction Film as Social Animator (1971-72) interview with Leonard Forest by Dorothy Todd Henaut; 7 Working with Film: Experiences with a Group of Films about Working Mothers (1975) / Kathleen Shannon, Elizabeth Prinn, Doris Mae Oulton, & Irene Angelico; 8 Memo to Michelle about Decentralizing the Means of Production (1972) / John Grierson; 9 Can We Evaluate Challenge for Change? (1972) / Dan Driscoll PART 2 COMMUNITY SPACES: FILMING AT THE MARGINS 10 Media for the People: The Canadian Experiments with Film and Video in Community Development (1992) / Peter K. Wiesner; 11 Cities for Change: The Housing Challenge / Gerda Johanna Cammaer; 12 The En tant que femmes Series, the Film Souris, tu m'inquietes, and the Imaging of Women's Consciousness in 1970s Quebec / Marie-Eve Fortin; 13 Le mouton noir: Videographe and the Legacy of Societe nouvelle / Scott Mackenzie; 14 The Things I Cannot Change: A Revisionary Reading / Brenda Longfellow PART 3 SCREEN SPACES: SPOTLIGHT ON THE FILMS AND FILMMAKERS 15 You Are on Indian Land: Interview with George Stoney (1980) / Alan Rosenthal; 16 Cree Hunters of Mistassini: Challenge for Change and Aboriginal Rights / Michelle Stewart; 17 "Nation Time" at Kwacha House: The Transitional Modalities of Encounter at Kwacha House - Halifax / Kass Banning; 18 The Films of Maurice Bulbulian: Science and Conscience / Thomas Waugh; 19 The Curious Case of Wilf: Popular Music in Canadian Documentary / Michael Brendan Baker; 20 Portapak as Performance: VTR St-Jacques and VTR Rosedale / Brian Rusted; 21 Bonnie Klein, Saul Alinsky, and the American Experience / Stephen Michael Charbonneau; 22 Michel Regnier's "Films-Outil" / Liz Czach; 23 Leonard Forest and Acadia / Jeanne Deslandes; 24 Filmmaker as History: The Interventionist Films of Martin Duckworth / Michael Lithgow; 25 Les filles du Roy / Jerry White; 26 In Praise of Anomaly: Le bonhomme and Rose's House / Kalli Paakspuu; 27 Getting Close and Staying Far: Pierre Lasry and the Solo Moms / Jason Lindop; 28 Paper Wheat: Alternative Theatre Meets Alternative Filmmaking / Christopher Meir; 29 "Would I Ever Like to Work": The "Working Mothers" Films and the Construction of Community / Rina Fraticelli; 30 O, Canada! George Stoney's Challenge (1999) / Deirdre Boyle PART 4 DISCURSIVE SPACES: THEORIZING CHALLENGE FOR CHANGE/SOCIETE NOUVELLE 31 Societe nouvelle: The Challenge to Change in the Alternative Public Sphere (1996) / Scott Mackenzie; 32 Meeting at the Poverty Line: Government Policy, Social Work, and Media Activism in the Challenge for Change Program / Zoe Druick; 33 Amateur Video and the Challenge for Change (1995) / Janine Marchessault; 34 Video: The Politics of Culture and Community (1996) / Ron Burnett; 35 Winds and Things: Towards a Reassessment of the Challenge for Change/Societe nouvelle Legacy / Marit Kathryn Corneil; 36 "If a Revolution Is Screened and No One Is There to See It, Does It Make a Sound?" The Politics of Distribution and Counterpublics / Ezra Winton and Jason Garrison PART 5 CONCLUSION: CONTEMPORARY REINCARNATIONS 37 Filmmaker-in-Residence: The Digital Grandchild of Challenge for Change Interview with Katerina Cizek by Liz Miller; 38 Thirty Years and Twelve Thousand Miles Away ... / Vijaya Mulay Challenge for Change/Societe nouvelle: The Complete Filmography; Comprehensive Bibliography; Contributors; Index