Challenges of Constructing Legitimacy in Peacebuilding: Afghanistan, Iraq, Sierra Leone, and East Timor
By: Daisaku Higashi (author)Paperback
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Peacebuilding is a critical issue in world politics. Surprisingly, however, there has not been a full examination of concrete policies and implementation strategies to generate legitimacy in "host states" by either international relations (IR) theorists or practitioners. The objective of this book is to develop an understanding of the mechanisms for constructing-or eroding-the legitimacy of newly created governments in post-conflict peacebuilding environments. The book argues that although existing accounts in the literature contend that compliance with key political programs, and constructing legitimacy in peacebuilding, largely depend on the levels of force (guns) and resource distribution (money) aimed at people who are governed, there are other significant factors, such as inclusive governments reconciling with old enemies, and the substantial role of international organizations (IOs) as credible third parties to establish fairness and impartiality within the political process.
Highashi focuses on an in-depth analysis of the challenges involved in creating a legitimate government in Afghanistan, focusing on disarmament programs with powerful warlords, and the reconciliation efforts with the insurgency, especially the Taliban. In the conclusion the book also examines three complimentary cases-Iraq, East Timor, and Sierra Leone-which consistently support the argument presented earlier This work will be of interest to students and scholars of peacebuilding and conflict resolution as well as international relations more broadly.
Daisaku Higashi is an associate professor in Human Security Program in the University of Tokyo. He consulted on Afghan policies with top government officials in both Japan and the United States. He also worked in Kabul as a team leader for reconciliation and reintegration in the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) from 2009 to 2010. From 2012 to 2014, he served as a minister-counsellor in the Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations, directing the Japan's activities on the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC).
1. Introduction 2. Constructing or eroding legitimacy in peacebuilding 3. Compliance and noncompliance with disbanding illegal armed groups 4. Worsening security conditions and reconciliation efforts: Noncompliance of the insurgency with the government and its rules 5. Conclusion
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