Changing Identities in Early Modern France offers new interpretations of what it meant to be French during a period of profound transition, from the outbreak of the Hundred Years War to the consolidation of the Bourbon monarchy in the seventeenth century. As medieval notions were gradually replaced by new definitions of the state, society, and family, dynastic struggles and religious wars raised questions about loyalty and identity and destabilized the meaning of "Frenchness."
After examining the interplay between competing ideologies and public institutions, from the monarchy to the Parlement of Paris to the aristocratic household, the volume explores the dynamics of deviance and dissent, particularly in regard to women's roles in religious reform movements and such sensationalized phenomena as the witch hunts and infanticide trials. Concluding essays examine how regional and confessional identities reshaped French identity in response to the discovery of the New World and the spectacular spread of Calvinism. Contributors. Charmarie Blaisdell, William Bouwsma, Lawrence M. Bryant, Denis Crouzet, Robert Descimon, Barbara B. Diefendorf, Richard M. Golden, Sarah Hanley, Mack P. Holt, Donald R. Kelley, Kristen B. Neuschel, J. H. M. Salmon, Zachary Sayre Schiffman, Silvia Shannon, Alfred Soman, Michael Wolfe
Michael Wolfe is Associate Professor of History at Pennsylvania State University, Altoona.
Foreword / Natalie Zemon Davis v Introduction: Becoming French in Early Modern Europe / Michael Wolfe 1 I. Ideologies and Institutions 23 The French Romantics and the Renaissance / J. H. M. Salmon 25 Making History: Ceremonial Texts, Royal Space, and Political Theory in the Sixteenth Century / Lawrence M. Bryant 46 Identity Politics and Rulership in France: Female Political Place and the Fraudulent Salic Law in Christine de Pizan and Jean de Montreuil / Sarah Hanley 78 The Birth of the Nobility of the Robe: Dignity versus Privilege in the Parlement of Paris, 1500-1700 / Robert Descimon 95 Noblewomen and War in Sixteenth-Century France / Kristen B. Neuschel 124 II. Dissent and Deviance 145 Religion, Gender, and Class: Nuns and Authority in Early Modern France / Charmaine Blaisdell 147 An Age of Gold? Parisian Women, the Holy League, and the Roots of Catholic Renewal / Barbara B. Diefendorf 169 A Woman and the Devil: Possession and Exorcism in Sixteenth-Century France / Denis Crouzet 191 Satan in Europe: The Geography of Witch Hunts / Richard M. Golden 216 Anatomy of an Infanticide Trial: The Case of Marie-Jeanne Bartonnet (1742) / Alfred Soman 248 III. Identities in Flux 273 New World, Old Historiography / Donald R. Kelley 275 Montaigne and the Discovery of the Ordinary / William Bouwsma 294 An Intellectual in Politics: Montaigne as Mayor of Bordeaux / Zachary Sayre Schiffman 307 Villegagnon, Polyphemus, and Cain of America: Religion and Polemics in the French New World / Silvia Shannon 325 Burgundians into Frenchmen: Catholic Identity in Sixteenth-Century Burgundy / Mack P. Holt 345 Protestant Reactions to the Conversion of Henry IV / Michael Wolfe 371 Index 391 Contributors 409