Chemistry: Structure and Properties Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package

Chemistry: Structure and Properties Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package

By: Nivaldo J. Tro (author)Mixed Media

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Description

ALERT: Before you purchase, check with your instructor or review your course syllabus to ensure that you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, including customized versions for individual schools, and registrations are not transferable. In addition, you may need a CourseID, provided by your instructor, to register for and use Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products. Packages Access codes for Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products may not be included when purchasing or renting from companies other than Pearson; check with the seller before completing your purchase. Used or rental books If you rent or purchase a used book with an access code, the access code may have been redeemed previously and you may have to purchase a new access code. Access codes Access codes that are purchased from sellers other than Pearson carry a higher risk of being either the wrong ISBN or a previously redeemed code. Check with the seller prior to purchase. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx For two-semester general chemistry courses Bestselling author Niva Tro has always believed "the behavior of matter is determined by the properties of molecules and atoms" to be the most important discovery in scientific knowledge. This idea is the entire organizing factor for his seminal new text-Chemistry: Structure and Properties. Dr. Tro emphasizes the relationship between structure and properties, establishes a unique atoms-first approach to teaching chemistry by presenting atomic and bonding theories early in the text, and stresses key themes throughout. The book is organized to present chemistry as a logical, cohesive story from the microscopic to the macroscopic, so students can fully grasp the theories and framework behind the chemical facts. Every topic has been carefully crafted to illustrate that the relationship between structure and properties is the thread that weaves all of chemistry together. While developed independently of other Tro texts, Chemistry: Structure and Properties incorporates the author's vivid writing style, chemical rigor, dynamic multi-level images, and tested features. His consistent conceptual focus and step-by-step problem-solving framework encourages you to think through processes rather than simply memorize content. Interactive media within MasteringChemistry (R) complements the book's problem-solving approach, thus creating a comprehensive program that enables you to learn both in and out of the classroom. This program presents a better teaching and learning experience-for you. Personalized learning with MasteringChemistry: This online homework, tutorial, and assessment program is designed to improve results by helping you quickly master concepts. You'll benefit from self-paced tutorials, featuring specific wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the office-hour experience. Developed with a central theme and by a teaching community: As part of a community that teaches with the understanding that matter is composed of particles and the structure of those particles determines the properties of matter, Dr. Tro took great lengths in the text to ensure that everything from organization, art, and pedagogy reinforce this theme. The result of this emphasis is that the topic order has been constructed to make key connections earlier, stronger, and more often than the traditional approach. Linking conceptual understanding with problem-solving skills: Throughout each chapter, numerous Conceptual Connections encourage comprehension of the most complex concepts while a consistent step-by-step framework in the worked examples allows you to think logically through the problem-solving process. Visualizing and understanding chemistry: Revolutionary multipart images illustrate and reinforce the theme of the text and allows you to see and experience the molecules responsible for the structures and properties of matter. 0321729730 / 9780321729736 Chemistry: Structure and Properties Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package Package consists of: 0321834682 / 9780321834683 Chemistry: Structure and Properties 0321934105 / 9780321934109 MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Chemistry: Structure and Properties

About Author

Nivaldo Tro is Professor of Chemistry at Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California, where he has been a faculty member since 1990. He received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Stanford University, for work on developing and using optical techniques to study the adsorption and desorption of molecules to and from surfaces in ultrahigh vacuum. He then went on to the University of California at Berkeley, where he did post-doctoral research on ultra-fast reaction dynamics in solution. Since coming to Westmont, Professor Tro has been awarded grants from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, from Research Corporation, and from the National Science Foundation to study the dynamics of various processes occurring in thin layer films adsorbed on dielectric surfaces. He has been honored as Westmont's outstanding teacher of the year three times and has also received the college's outstanding researcher of the year award. Professor Tro lives in Santa Barbara with his wife, Ann, and their four children, Michael, Ali, Kyle, and Kaden. In his leisure time, Professor Tro enjoys mountain biking, surfing, reading to his children, and being outdoors with his family.

Contents

1 Atoms 1.1 A Particulate View of the World: Structure Determines Properties 1.2 Classifying Matter: A Particulate View 1.3 The Scientific Approach to Knowledge 1.4 Early Ideas about the Building Blocks of Matter 1.5 Modern Atomic Theory and the Laws That Led to It 1.6 The Discovery of the Electron 1.7 The Structure of the Atom 1.8 Subatomic Particles: Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons 1.9 Atomic Mass: The Average Mass of an Element's Atoms 1.10 The Origins of Atoms and Elements 2 Measurement, Problem Solving, and the Mole Concept 2.1 The Metric Mix-up: A $125 Million Unit Error 2.2 The Reliability of a Measurement 2.3 Density 2.4 Energy and Its Units 2.5 Converting between Units 2.6 Problem-Solving Strategies 2.7 Solving Problems Involving Equations 2.8 Atoms and the Mole: How Many Particles? 3 The Quantum-Mechanical Model of the Atom 3.1 Schroedinger's Cat 3.2 The Nature of Light 3.3 Atomic Spectroscopy and the Bohr Model 3.4 The Wave Nature of Matter: The de Broglie Wavelength, the Uncertainty Principle, and Indeterminacy 3.5 Quantum Mechanics and the Atom 3.6 The Shapes of Atomic Orbitals 4 Periodic Properties of the Elements 4.1 Aluminum: Low-Density Atoms Result in Low-Density Metal 4.2 Finding Patterns: The Periodic Law and the Periodic Table 4.3 Electron Configurations: How Electrons Occupy Orbitals 4.4 Electron Configurations, Valence Electrons, and the Periodic Table 4.5 How the Electron Configuration of an Element Relates to Its Properties 4.6 Periodic Trends in the Size of Atoms and Effective Nuclear Charge 4.7 Ions: Electron Configurations, Magnetic Properties, Ionic Radii, and Ionization Energy 4.8 Electron Affinities and Metallic Character 5 Molecules and Compounds 5.1 Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Water 5.2 Types of Chemical Bonds 5.3 Representing Compounds: Chemical Formulas and Molecular Models 5.4 The Lewis Model: Representing Valence Electrons with Dots 5.5 Ionic Bonding: The Lewis Model and Lattice Energies 5.6 Ionic Compounds: Formulas and Names 5.7 Covalent Bonding: Simple Lewis Structures 5.8 Molecular Compounds: Formulas and Names 5.9 Formula Mass and the Mole Concept for Compounds 5.10 Composition of Compounds 5.11 Determining a Chemical Formula from Experimental Data 5.12 Organic Compounds 6 Chemical Bonding I: Drawing Lewis Structures and Determining Molecular Shapes 6.1 Morphine: A Molecular Imposter 6.2 Electronegativity and Bond Polarity 6.3 Writing Lewis Structures for Molecular Compounds and Polyatomic Ions 6.4 Resonance and Formal Charge 6.5 Exceptions to the Octet Rule: Odd-Electron Species, Incomplete Octets, and Expanded Octets 6.6 Bond Energies and Bond Lengths 6.7 VSEPR Theory: The Five Basic Shapes 6.8 VSEPR Theory: The Effect of Lone Pairs 6.9 VSEPR Theory: Predicting Molecular Geometries 6.10 Molecular Shape and Polarity 7 Chemical Bonding II: Valence Bond Theory and Molecular Orbital Theory 7.1 Oxygen: A Magnetic Liquid 7.2 Valence Bond Theory: Orbital Overlap as a Chemical Bond 7.3 Valence Bond Theory: Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals 7.4 Molecular Orbital Theory: Electron Delocalization 7.5 Molecular Orbital Theory: Polyatomic Molecules 7.6 Bonding in Metals and Semiconductors 8 Chemical Reactions and Chemical Quantities 8.1 Climate Change and the Combustion of Fossil Fuels 8.2 Chemical Change 8.3 Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations 8.4 Reaction Stoichiometry: How Much Carbon Dioxide? 8.5 Limiting Reactant, Theoretical Yield, and Percent Yield 8.6 Three Examples of Chemical Reactions: Combustion, Alkali Metals, and Halogens 9 Introduction to Solutions and Aqueous Reactions 9.1 Molecular Gastronomy 9.2 Solution Concentration 9.3 Solution Stoichiometry 9.4 Types of Aqueous Solutions and Solubility 9.5 Precipitation Reactions 9.6 Representing Aqueous Reactions: Molecular, Ionic, and Complete Ionic Equations 9.7 Acid-Base Reactions 9.8 Gas-Evolution Reactions 9.9 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 10 Thermochemistry 10.1 On Fire, But Not Consumed 10.2 The Nature of Energy: Key Definitions 10.3 The First Law of Thermodynamics: There Is No Free Lunch 10.4 Quantifying Heat and Work 10.5 Measuring E for Chemical Reactions: Constant-Volume Calorimetry 10.6 Enthalpy: The Heat Evolved in a Chemical Reaction at Constant Pressure 10.7 Measuring H for Chemical Reactions: Constant-Pressure Calorimetry 10.8 Relationships Involving Hrxn 10.9 Determining Enthalpies of Reaction from Bond Energies 10.10 Determining Enthalpies of Reaction from Standard Enthalpies of Formation 10.11 Lattice Energies for Ionic Compounds 11 Gases 11.1 Supersonic Skydiving and the Risk of Decompression 11.2 Pressure: The Result of Particle Collisions 11.3 The Simple Gas Laws: Boyle's Law, Charles's Law, and Avogadro's Law 11.4 The Ideal Gas Law 11.5 Applications of the Ideal Gas Law: Molar Volume, Density, and Molar Mass of a Gas 11.6 Mixtures of Gases and Partial Pressures 11.7 A Particulate Model for Gases: Kinetic Molecular Theory 11.8 Temperature and Molecular Velocities 11.9 Mean Free Path, Diffusion, and Effusion of Gases 11.10 Gases in Chemical Reactions: Stoichiometry Revisited 11.11 Real Gases: The Effects of Size and Intermolecular Forces 12 Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces 12.1 Structure Determines Properties 12.2 Solids, Liquids, and Gases: A Molecular Comparison 12.3 Intermolecular Forces: The Forces That Hold Condensed States Together 12.4 Intermolecular Forces in Action: Surface Tension, Viscosity, and Capillary Action 12.5 Vaporization and Vapor Pressure 12.6 Sublimation and Fusion 12.7 Heating Curve for Water 12.8 Water: An Extraordinary Substance 13 Phase Diagrams and Crystalline Solids 13.1 Sliding Glaciers 13.2 Phase Diagrams 13.3 Crystalline Solids: Determining Their Structure by X-Ray Crystallography 13.4 Crystalline Solids: Unit Cells and Basic Structures 13.5 Crystalline Solids: The Fundamental Types 13.6 The Structures of Ionic Solids 13.7 Network Covalent Atomic Solids: Carbon and Silicates 14 Solutions 14.1 Antifreeze in Frogs 14.2 Types of Solutions and Solubility 14.3 Energetics of Solution Formation 14.4 Solution Equilibrium and Factors Affecting Solubility 14.5 Expressing Solution Concentration 14.6 Colligative Properties: Vapor Pressure Lowering, Freezing Point Depression, Boiling Point Elevation, and Osmotic Pressure 14.7 Colligative Properties of Strong Electrolyte Solutions 15 Chemical Kinetics 15.1 Catching Lizards 15.2 Rates of Reaction and the Particulate Nature of Matter 15.3 Defining and Measuring the Rate of a Chemical Reaction 15.4 The Rate Law: The Effect of Concentration on Reaction Rate 15.5 The Integrated Rate Law: The Dependence of Concentration on Time 15.6 The Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate 15.7 Reaction Mechanisms 15.8 Catalysis 16 Chemical Equilibrium 16.1 Fetal Hemoglobin and Equilibrium 16.2 The Concept of Dynamic Equilibrium 16.3 The Equilibrium Constant (K) 16.4 Expressing the Equilibrium Constant in Terms of Pressure 16.5 Heterogeneous Equilibria: Reactions Involving Solids and Liquids 16.6 Calculating the Equilibrium Constant from Measured Equilibrium Concentrations 16.7 The Reaction Quotient: Predicting the Direction of Change 16.8 Finding Equilibrium Concentrations 16.9 Le Ch (R)telier's Principle: How a System at Equilibrium Responds to Disturbances 17 Acids and Bases 17.1 Batman's Basic Blunder 17.2 The Nature of Acids and Bases 17.3 Definitions of Acids and Bases 17.4 Acid Strength and Molecular Structure 17.5 Acid Strength and the Acid Ionization Constant (Ka) 17.6 Autoionization of Water and pH 17.7 Finding the [H3O+] and pH of Strong and Weak Acid Solutions 17.8 Finding the [OH-] and pH of Strong and Weak Base Solutions 17.9 The Acid-Base Properties of Ions and Salts 17.10 Polyprotic Acids 17.11 Lewis Acids and Bases 18 Aqueous Ionic Equilibrium 18.1 The Danger of Antifreeze 18.2 Buffers: Solutions That Resist pH Change 18.3 Buffer Effectiveness: Buffer Range and Buffer Capacity 18.4 Titrations and pH Curves 18.5 Solubility Equilibria and the Solubility Product Constant 18.6 Precipitation 18.7 Complex Ion Equilibria 19 Free Energy and Thermodynamics 19.1 Energy Spreads Out 19.2 Spontaneous and Nonspontaneous Processes 19.3 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 19.4 Predicting Entropy and Entropy Changes for Chemical Reactions 19.5 Heat Transfer and Entropy Changes of the Surroundings 19.6 Gibbs Free Energy 19.7 Free Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions: Calculating 19.8 Free Energy Changes for Nonstandard States: The Relationship between and 19.9 Free Energy and Equilibrium: Relating to the Equilibrium Constant (K) 20 Electrochemistry 20.1 Lightning and Batteries 20.2 Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Equations 20.3 Voltaic (or Galvanic) Cells: Generating Electricity from Spontaneous Chemical Reactions 20.4 Standard Electrode Potentials 20.5 Cell Potential, Free Energy, and the Equilibrium Constant 20.6 Cell Potential and Concentration 20.7 Batteries: Using Chemistry to Generate Electricity 20.8 Electrolysis: Driving Nonspontaneous Chemical Reactions with Electricity 20.9 Corrosion: Undesirable Redox Reactions 21 Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry 21.1 Diagnosing Appendicitis 21.2 The Discovery of Radioactivity 21.3 Types of Radioactivity 21.4 The Valley of Stability: Predicting the Type of Radioactivity 21.5 Detecting Radioactivity 21.6 The Kinetics of Radioactive Decay and Radiometric Dating 21.7 The Discovery of Fission: The Atomic Bomb and Nuclear Power 21.8 Converting Mass to Energy: Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy 21.9 Nuclear Fusion: The Power of the Sun 21.10 Nuclear Transmutation and Transuranium Elements 21.11 The Effects of Radiation on Life 21.12 Radioactivity in Medicine and Other Applications 22 Organic Chemistry 22.1 Fragrances and Odors 22.2 Carbon: Why It Is Unique 22.3 Hydrocarbons: Compounds Containing Only Carbon and Hydrogen 22.4 Alkanes: Saturated Hydrocarbons 22.5 Alkenes and Alkynes 22.6 Hydrocarbon Reactions 22.7 Aromatic Hydrocarbons 22.8 Functional Groups 22.9 Alcohols 22.10 Aldehydes and Ketones 22.11 Carboxylic Acids and Esters 22.12 Ethers 22.13 Amines 22.14 Polymers 23 Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds 23.1 The Colors of Rubies and Emeralds 23.2 Properties of Transition Metals 23.3 Coordination Compounds 23.4 Structure and Isomerization 23.5 Bonding in Coordination Compounds 23.6 Applications of Coordination Compounds Appendices Appendix I The Units of Measurement Appendix II Significant Figures Appendix III Common Mathematical Operations in Chemistry A Scientific Notation B Logarithms C Quadratic Equations D Graphs Appendix IV Useful Data A Atomic Colors B Standard Thermodynamic Quantities for Selected Substances at 25 DegreesC C Aqueous Equilibrium Constants at 25 DegreesC D Standard Reduction Half-Cell Potentials at 25 DegreesC E Vapor Pressure of Water at various Temperatures Appendix V Answers to Selected Exercises Appendix VI Answers to In-Chapter Practice Problems Glossary Credits Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780321729736
  • Format: Mixed Media
  • Number Of Pages: 1232
  • ID: 9780321729736
  • weight: 2860
  • ISBN10: 0321729730

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