Chest X-rays for Medical Students is a unique teaching and learning resource that offers students, junior doctors, trainee radiologists, nurses, physiotherapists and nurse practitioners a basic understanding of the principles of chest radiology. * Provides a memorable way to analyze and present chest radiographs the unique ABCDE system as developed by the authors * Explains how to recognize basic radiological signs, pathology and patterns associated with common medical conditions as seen on plain PA and AP chest radiographs * Presents each radiograph twice, side by side - once as would be seen in a clinical setting and again with the pathology clearly highlighted * Includes a section of self-assessment and presentation exercises to test knowledge and presentation technique Ideal for study and clinical reference, this book will be the ideal companion for any medical student, junior doctor or trainee radiographer.
Christopher Clarke is ST2 Clinical Radiology Trainee at Nottingham University Hospitals and Honorary Lecturer in Human Anatomy at Nottingham Medical School Anthony Dux is a Consultant Radiologist at University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust
Preface vii Acknowledgements viii Learning objectives checklist ix Part 1 About X-rays 1 What are X-rays? 1 How are X-rays produced? 1 The resulting image on the X-ray film 2 How are X-ray images (radiographs) stored? 2 Hazards and precautions 3 Radiation hazards 3 IRMER 2000 3 In women of reproductive age 3 Chest X-ray (CXR) views 4 PA erect CXR 4 Other views 4 Normal anatomy on a PA chest X-ray 5 Normal anatomy 15 Normal anatomy 25 Normal anatomy 36 Normal anatomy 47 Normal anatomy 58 Normal anatomy 68 Normal anatomy 79 Normal anatomy 89 Presenting a chest radiograph 10 Be systematic 10 Film quality 11 Rotation 11 Adequate inspiration 13 Part 2 Overview of the ABCDE of chest X-rays 14 The ABCDE of chest X-rays 15 Part 3 Common conditions and their radiological signs 94 Pulmonary embolism 94 Bronchial carcinoma 94 Heart failure 95 Pneumonia 97 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 97 Tuberculosis 98 Asbestos-related lung disease 103 Self-assessment questions 108 Self-assessment answers 113 Glossary 122 Index 128