Children's human rights are regularly violated around the world. We hear about graphic examples including child soldiers, child prostitutes, and children sold into slavery, but hungry, sick, and orphaned children are equally at risk and more prevalent. In the United States, children suffer similar abuses, but some are unique to the U.S. justice system. Unlike most of the rest of the world, the U.S. is a well-developed western nation in which juvenile offenders can be tried as adults and sentenced to death. This book brings together a wide array of original essays from a variety of academic and practitioner perspectives on human rights and the status of children. The details are disturbing; the message, powerful: We must vigorously extend the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to the most vulnerable humans of all-the children of the world, starting at home in the United States.
Mark Ensalaco is associate professor of political science at the University of Dayton. He is director of the University of Dayton's International Studies and Human Rights Programs, and is co-founder and director of the International Human Rights Education Consortium. He is the author of Chile Under Pinochet: Recovering the Truth and is completing its sequel, The Mark of Cain: The Prosecution of Pinochet. Linda C. Majka is professor of sociology at the University of Dayton. Her research on child labor in U.S. agriculture is an extension of her historical studies on the farm labor market and unions. She co-authored Farm Workers, Agribusiness, and the State, and co-edited Families and Economic Distress. She has contributed articles, chapters and review essays to a variety of publications on social problems, labor and employment, and families. Her teaching interests concern social inequality, gender and family policy. She is active in the Ethnic and Cultural Diversity Caucus, a multicultural initiative in the Dayton community.
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Introduction: A Human Right's Approach to the Needs of Children Part 3 I Children's Rights in International Law Chapter 4 The Right of the Child to Development Chapter 5 Transforming Visions into Reality: The Convention on the Rights of the Child Chapter 6 Strengthening the Framework for Enforcing Children's Rights: An Integrated Approach Part 7 II Children in a Dangerous World Chapter 8 The Problem of Sexual Trafficking in Post-Communist Europe Chapter 9 Three Prints in the Dirt: Child Soldiers and Human Rights Chapter 10 Children's Rights and the Tenuousness of Local Conditions: A Case Study of Nicaragua Chapter 11 Protecting Children on the Margins: Social Justice and Community Building Part 12 III Children's Rights in the United States Chapter 13 Child Farm Workers in United States Agriculture Chapter 14 Human Rights and Juvenile Justice in the United States Chapter 15 The Challenges of Human Rights Education and the Impact on Children's Rights Chapter 16 Conclusion: Some Progress, Many Challenges