Treating China's Cultural Revolution as much more than a political event, this innovative volume explores its ideological dimensions. The contributors focus especially on the CR's discourse of heroism and messianism and its demonization of the enemy as reflected in political practice, official literature, and propaganda art, arguing that these characteristics can be traced back to hitherto-neglected undercurrents of Chinese tradition. Moreover, while most studies of the Cultural Revolution are content to point to the discredited cult of heroism and messianism, this book also explores the alternative discourses that have flourished to fill the resulting vacuum. The contributors analyze the intense intellectual and artistic ferment in post-Mao China that embody resistance to CR ideology, as well as the urgent quest for authentic individuality, new forms of social cohesion, and historical truth.
Woei Lien Chong is lecturer and researcher in contemporary Chinese philosophy, Sinological Institute, Leiden University, the Netherlands.
Introduction Part I: Master Narratives Chapter 1: Rethinking China's Cultural Revolution amid Reform Chapter 2: China's Inner Demons: The Political Impact of the Demonological Paradigm Chapter 3: From Harmony to Struggle, from Perpetual Peace to Cultural Revolution: Changing Futures in Mao Zedong's Thought Chapter 4: Red and Expert: China's "Foreign Friends" in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution 1966-1969 Chapter 5: The Deification of Mao: Religious Imagery and Practices during the Cultural Revolution and Beyond Chapter 6: The Ideal Socialist Hero: Literary Conventions in Cultural Revolution Novels Part II: Post-Mao Counternarratives Chapter 7: Philosophy in an Age of Crisis. Three Thinkers in Post-Cultural Revolution China: Li Zehou, Liu Xiaobo, and Liu Xiaofeng Chapter 8: Resisting Current Stereotypes: Private Narrative Strategies in the Autobiographies of Former Rusticated Women Chapter 9: China's Generation X: Rusticated Red Guards in Controversial Contemporary Plays Chapter 10: The Cultural Revolution in Feng Jicai's Fiction