Chinese Capitalists Versus the American Flour Industry, 1890-1910: Profit and Patriotism in International Trade (Chinese Studies S. No. 45)

Chinese Capitalists Versus the American Flour Industry, 1890-1910: Profit and Patriotism in International Trade (Chinese Studies S. No. 45)

By: Daniel J Meissner (author)Hardback

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Description

At the turn of the twentieth century, American and Chinese millers were locked in a fiercely contested battle for control of China's urban flour market that both sides considered crucial to their nation's future. For Americans, Chinese markets were vital to continued commercial expansion and ultimately, the power, prestige and security of the United States. For Chinese, defending their markets against foreign imports, influence and intervention was essential to preserving their commercial integrity and China's national sovereignty. This study analyzes the dynamics of this commercial conflict from a perspective essential to the advancement of Chinese business studies, redirecting research in the field from the current China-centered approach to a China-global context. It contextualizes the flour trade through analysis of global factors - political as well as economic - influencing the competitive marketing of domestic and imported commodities. This broader view provides a more balanced, comprehensive examination of late Qing business history and the role played by international trade in the development of import-substitution industrialization.Countering previous failure-based studies of Chinese industrialization, this study highlights the complex relationship between Chinese capitalists and the government, which stimulated successful private industrial development in late imperial China. Analysis of China's flour milling industry also provides insight into the contemporary capitalist-state alliance that has spurred the nation's dynamic commercial growth since the 1980s. "should be read by business historians, historians of modern China, and anyone interested in Chinese-American economic relations in the twenty-first century."

About Author

David Buck is Professor Emeritus of Asian History at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where he also served as director of UWM's Institute of World Affairs and editor of the Journal of Asian Studies. His most recent publications include: "Two Faces of the Modern in Changchun" in Joseph Esherick, ed., Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity, 1900-1950. (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2000): 65-89; "Was It Pluck or Luck that Made the West Grow Rich?" Journal of World History 10.2 (Fall 1999): 413-30; and The Declining Role of China in the International Tea Trade, 1880-1910. (Center for International Studies, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee and Madison, 1997).

Contents

Preface by David D. Buck i; Acknowledgments viii; Introduction 1; Chapter 1 Technology, Hard Wheat and High Milling: Midwestern Roots of the International Flour Trade 9; Chapter 2 The Second Gold Rush: California Wheat Opens Asian Flour Markets 29; Chapter 3 A Transpacific Flour Empire: The Portland to Hong Kong Connection 57; Chapter 4 Industrial Nationalism: Profits, Patriotism, and the Rights Recovery Movement 81; Chapter 5 Breaking With Tradition: Technological Change in Chinese Milling 97; Chapter 6 A Chinese Competitor: Fu Feng Pioneers China's Flour Milling Industry 121; Chapter 7 A Nationalist Boycott? The Politics of Industrial Survival 141; Chapter 8 Crisis and Cooperation: Re-Conquest of the Domestic Flour Market 169; Conclusion 191; Notes 203. Selected Bibliography 243; Index 261. Figures and Tables; Figures; 1.1 Composition of a Wheat Berry 13; 2.1 California Flour Exports to Asia, 1854-1864 39; 3.1 United States Flour Exports to Hong Kong, 1891-1900 69; 8.1 Wheat Prices in China and the United States, 1900-1909 171; 8.2 Shanghai Wheat Prices, 1906-1910 178; 8.3 Relative Market Share of Chinese and American Flour, 1895-1909 185; Tables; 1.1 Minneapolis flour Output, 1875-1910 21; 2.1 California Wheat Exports to Europe, 1865-1890 34; 6.1 Daily Wages for jilin Factory Workers, 1895 123; 6.2 Shanghai Wheat Prices, 1896-1905 126; 6.3 Wages for Selected Shanghai Occupations, 1905 130; 6.4 Modern Chinese Flour Mills, 1902-1904 135.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780773460409
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 284
  • ID: 9780773460409
  • ISBN10: 0773460403

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