In a tour de force of comparative intellectual history, Mark Hulliung sharply challenges conventional wisdom about the political nature of the "sister republics," America and France.
Hulliung argues that the standard American account of a continuous Jacobin republican tradition--"illiberal to the core"--is fatally misleading. In reality it was the nineteenth-century French liberals who undermined the cause of liberalism, and it was French republicans who eventually saved liberal ideals. And comparison with France provides compelling evidence that the American republic was from the beginning both liberal and republican; Americans have been engaged in the "right debate, wrong country." Antiliberal intellectuals--New Leftists, neoconservatives, and communitarians alike--have disfigured much of the "republican" scholarship by falsely conjuring up a history of the United States wherein rooted and moral republicans once held sway where today we encounter uprooted and amoral liberals.
Lively, stimulating, and sure to be controversial, Citizens and Citoyens is a valuable contribution to the political culture debate.
Mark Hulliung is Richard Koret Professor of the History of Ideas, Brandeis University.
Preface Acknowledgments A Brief Chronology of French Political Regimes 1. Republiccanism and/or Liberalism? Past and Present Republics Ancient and Modern Tocqueville's Return Trip 2. "Rights Talk" in American and French Accents The Presistence of "Rights Talk" in America From the Old "Rights Talk" to the New The General Will and Individual Rights Rights in France: Liberals vs. Republicans Atlantic Crossings 3. The Institutions and Ethos of Freedom Political Institutions, Liberal and Republican Mainstream vs. Backwater Republicanism France: the Search for a Liberal Ethos America: the Search for a Civic Ethos 4. The Uses of Republican Rhetoric in America Down with the Monarchists Down with the Aristocrats Republics and Democracies Corruption and Conspiracy 5. The Strange Career of Liberalism in France From Liberal to Conservative From Solidarist to Conservative From Politique to Mystique 6. Liberal, Illiberal, and Antiliberal Republics The Illiberal Republic The Antiliberal Republic The Liberal Republic Notes Index