Clash of Empires: Turkey Between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-23 (Library of Modern Middle East Studies v. 13)

Clash of Empires: Turkey Between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-23 (Library of Modern Middle East Studies v. 13)

By: Bulent Gokay (author)Hardback

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This book deals with the aftermath of the "Great Game" - the protracted struggle between Britain and Russia for influence in the Middle Eastern and Central Asian lands that bordered the expanding Russian empire of the late-19th century. It covers a period that was crucial in the modern political history of the whole area from Thrace to the Caucasus, showing how an alliance between Turkish nationalism and Bolshevism forced Britain to recognize that it did not have the manpower and resources to consolidate the spoils of its victory after World War I. It also provides historical background to the current geopolitical interests of both Turkey and Russia in the war-torn Caucasus.


Part 1 The red star and the green crescent - November 1917 to September 1918: the Bolshevik revolution and the Eastern Front Turkish advance in the Caucasus. Part 2 The end of the war - October 1918 to March 1919: the Mudros armistice; Turkish affairs; resistance in Anatolia; British troops in the Caucasus; the decision to withdraw. Part 3 An unholy alliance - Russian Bolsheviks and Turkish Nationalists - March 1919 to March 1921: first contacts; barrier or bridge? the Caucasus in Soviet-Turkish relations; the Allied occupation of Constantinopole; Soviet control in Transcaucasia. Part 4 Agreements on two fronts: the Anglo-Soviet trade agreement; the Soviet-Turkish treaty of friendship. Part 5 Between East and West - March 1921 to September 1922: "mariage de convenance" - from the Moscow treaty to the Turkish victory in Anatolia; British-Turkish relations from early 1921 to September 1921; the Chanak crisis - war or peace?. Part 6 Settlement - September 1922 to August 1923: the call for Lausanne; a strained friendship; negotiations; the crisis in Anglo-Soviet relations; final agreement.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781860641176
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 224
  • ID: 9781860641176
  • ISBN10: 1860641172

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