Clinical reasoning is the foundation of professional clinical practice. Totally revised and updated, this book continues to provide the essential text on the theoretical basis of clinical reasoning in the health professions and examines strategies for assisting learners, scholars and clinicians develop their reasoning expertise.
key chapters revised and updated
nature of clinical reasoning sections have been expanded
increase in emphasis on collaborative reasoning
core model of clinical reasoning has been revised and updated
Section 1 Clinical reasoning and clinical decision making - nature and context 1. Clinical decision making and multiple problem spaces 2. The context for clinical decision making in the 21st century 3. Clinical reasoning and models of practice 4. Collaborative decision making 5. Action and narrative: two dynamics of clinical reasoning 6. Clinical reasoning and generic thinking skills 7. Clinical reasoning and patient-centred care 8. Factors influencing clinical decision making 9. Dimensions of clinical reasoning capability Section 2 Reasoning, Expertise and Knowledge 10. The development of clinical reasoning expertise 11. Clinical reasoning and biomedical knowledge: implications for teaching 12. Expertise and clinical reasoning 13. Knowledge, reasoning and evidence for practice 14. Knowledge generation and clinical reasoning in practice 15. Understanding knowledge as socio-cultural historical phenomenon 16. Professional practice judgement artistry Section 3 Clinical reasoning research trends 17. Methods in the study of clinical reasoning 18. A history of clinical reasoning research 19. A place for new research directions Section 4 Clinical reasoning and clinical decision-making approaches 20. Clinical reasoning in medicine 21. Clinical reasoning in nursing 22. Clinical reasoning in physiotherapy 23. Clinical reasoning in dentistry 24. Clinical reasoning in occupational therapy 25. Ethical reasoning 26. Multidisciplinary clinical decision making 27. Treatment decision making in the medical encounter: the case of shared decision making 28. Algorithms, clinical pathways and clinical guidelines 29. Clinical reasoning to facilitate cognitive-experiential change Section 5 Communicating about clinical reasoning 30. Learning to communicate clinical reasoning 31. Learning the language of clinical reasoning 32. Beyond the restitution narrative: lived bodies and expert patients 33. Facilitating clinical decision making in students in intercultural fieldwork placements 34. Using decision aids to involve clients in clinical decision making Section 6 Teaching and learning clinical reasoning 35. Teaching and learning clinical reasoning 36. Helping physiotherapy sutdents develop clinical reasoning capability 37. Speech-language pathology students: learning clinical reasoning 38. Teaching clinical reasoning in nursing education 39. Assessing clinical reasoning 40. Using simulated patients to teach clinical reasoning 41. Peer coaching to generate clinical reasoning skills 42. Using open and distance learning to develop clinical reasoning skills 43. Cultivating a thinking surgeon: using a clinical thinking pathway as a learning and assessment process 44. Teaching clinical reasoning and culture 45. Teaching clinical reasoning to medical students 46. Using case reports to teach clinical reasoning 47. Using mind mapping to improve students' metacognition