Closing Institutions for Juvenile Offenders: The Maryland Experience (Criminology Studies S. No. 4)

Closing Institutions for Juvenile Offenders: The Maryland Experience (Criminology Studies S. No. 4)

By: William H. Barton (author), Denise C. Gottfredson (author), Barton H. William (author)Hardback

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In 1988 Maryland closed one of its two juvenile offenders training schools. This volume summarizes evidence about the state's experience with sharply curtailing juvenile institutionalization by closing the Montrose Training School. It examines the effect of this decision on the residential placement pattern, attitude, experiences, and behaviours of juvenile offenders in Maryland. The text also reports the results of an empirical study based on data collected from nearly 1000 youths over a several-year period. The study examines three primary questions: what immediate effects did the policy to deinstitutionalize have on placements and services provided to the youths released during the transition time and later; what effects did the closing have on subsequent offending behaviour; and what effects did the closing have on subsequent schooling and work experiences, family processes and arrangements, peer influences and psychological adjustment of the juveniles.


Part 1 Introduction: three youths touched by Montrose Training School - Troy Chapman - his suicide helped to close Montrose, Dontay Carter - a Montrose alumnus remembered for a notorious Baltimore crime spree, Lenore Talbot - representative of girls who thought Montrose was a good experience; what can be done? the debate over; the closing of Montrose Training School. Part 2 Institutions vs. community-based programmes: a review; early reviews of correctional treatment and delinquency prevention; meta-analyses; studies comparing institutional and community-based programmes; studies of deinstitutionalization efforts; summary. Part 3 Days in the lives of students at Montrose, Carolyn Molden Fink: a usual day; a bad day; visitors' day; a holiday. Part 4 Description of the study: the study groups - identification of post-closing group, comparability of groups; statistical power; time frames; data sources - placement records, official recidivism records, directors of alternative placement interviews, characteristics of alternative placements records, youth interviews; measures - placements and services, family structure and process, school persistence and attitudes, peer relations, occupational achievements and training, value and beliefs about rules, psychosocial health, criminal activities and alcohol use, contact with criminal justice system, factor analysis; analysis strategy. Part 5 The closing process: chronology; aggregate placement patterns; characteristics of residential facilities; effect of closing on placements and services - initial placements, group differences in placements, placement costs, group differences in services, summary. Part 6 Effects of the closing on youth behaviour, experiences and attitudes: effects on criminal behaviour - official records, summary, self-reports; effects on other outcomes - schooling and occupational outcomes, family structure and process, peer relations and psychosocial outcomes. Part 7 Key leaders' perceptions of the effects of the closing: judges and masters - is Maryland better or worse off since the closing of Montrose?, perceptions of Montrose, perceived range and adequacy of dispositional options since the closing of Montrose, are the numbers of secure beds now adequate?, dispositional criteria for secure care, on the relationship of the judges and JSA, what led to the closing?, effects of the closing; summary. Part 8 Conclusions and implications: summary of findings - placement trends, characteristics of placements, placement patterns, placement costs, effects on officially-recorded criminal behaviour, effects on self-reported behaviours and attitudes; discussion; conclusion. Part 9 Epilogue: The Department of Juvenile Services; the Montrose facility; appendix A - item content of youth interview scale and offence seriousness ranking.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780773484283
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 212
  • ID: 9780773484283
  • ISBN10: 0773484280

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