Whilst co-operative ideas had been discussed in all the Nordic countries from at least the 1860s, it was not until the 1880s that the first permanent organisations appeared. Of interest to students of both Scandinavian & Nordic Studies and Co-operative Studies and published to mark the UN International Year of the Co-operative in 2012, Co-operatives and the Social Question is a groundbreaking volume that: provides, for the first time English, a study of the development of the co-operative movement in the Nordic countries and eastern Europe. presents a unique comparative transnational perspective on the spread and development of co-operative ideas in these regions, and the links between them. offers a new perspective on late nineteenth and early twentieth-century debates on the social question, modernisation and the foundations of the welfare state. is a wide-ranging co-operative history, ranging from the urban consumer co-operative societies of Sweden to the peasant organisations of Hungary and Galicia in contrast to previous studies that have tended to focus exclusively on either consumer or agricultural co-operation.
Chapter 1: Introduction: Co-operatives and the Social Question Mary Hilson, Pirjo Markkola and Ann-Catrin Ostman Chapter 2: Denmark's Road to Modernity and Welfare: The Co-operative Way Niels Finn Christiansen Chapter 3: Centred on the Farm: Co-operation in Iceland 1880 - 1950 Helgi Skuli Kjartansson Chapter 4: Visions and organisation: Kooperativa Forbundet and the Social Question in Sweden Katarina Friberg Chapter 5: Swedish Agrarian Press, Co-operatives and the Social Question c.1880 - 1917 Fredrik Eriksson Chapter 6: Transnational networks in the development of the co-operative movement in the early twentieth century: Finland in the Nordic context Mary Hilson Chapter 7: Salvation and deliverance: The Greek Catholic Church and the Ruthenian Co-operative Movement as agents of modernisation in Galicia 1899-1914 Piotr Wawrzeniuk Chapter 8: Civilising and mobilising the peasantry: Co-operative organisation and understandings of progress and gender in Finland, c.1899-1918 Ann-Catrin Ostman Chapter 9: The Nordic ideal of a Central-European third way: The Finnish model of Hungarian modernisation in the 1930s Katalin Miklossy Chapter 10: 'Welfare Co-operatives' and social policy between the two World Wars in Hungary Dorottya Szikra Chapter 11: 'The Butter Republic': Co-operative Organisations and Corporative Structures in Estonia 1890-1939 Johan Eellend