Winner of the 1990 Best Book Award from the New England Council on Latin American StudiesThis study of Bolivia uses Cochabamba as a laboratory to examine the long-term transformation of native Andean society into a vibrant Quechua-Spanish-mestizo region of haciendas and smallholdings, towns and villages, peasant markets and migratory networks caught in the web of Spanish imperial politics and economics. Combining economic, social, and ethnohistory, Brooke Larson shows how the contradictions of class and colonialism eventually gave rise to new peasant, artisan, and laboring groups that challenged the evolving structures of colonial domination. Originally published in 1988, this expanded edition includes a new final chapter that explores the book's implications for understanding the formation of a distinctive peasant political culture in the Cochabamba valleys over the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Brooke Larson is Professor of History and Director of Latin American Center, State University of New York, Stony Brook. She is the coeditor of Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes, also published by Duke University Press.
List of Illustrations ix List of Tables xi Foreword / William Roseberry xiii Preface to the Duke Edition xix Acknowledgments xxiii Abbreviations xxvii Introduction 3 1. Along the Inca Frontier 13 2. The Emergence of a Market Economy 51 3. Declining State Power and the Struggle over Labor 92 4. Andean Village Society 133 5. Haciendas and the Rival Peasant Economy 171 6. The Landowning Class: Hard Times and Windfall Profits 210 7. The Spirit and Limits of Enterprise 242 8. The Ebb Tide of Colonial Rule 270 9. Colonial Legacies and Class Formation 295 10. Cochabamba: (Re)constructing a History 322 Appendix 391 Glossary 401 Archival Material 407 Index 413