Colonial Citizens: Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon (History and Society of the Modern Middle East)

Colonial Citizens: Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon (History and Society of the Modern Middle East)

By: Elizabeth Thompson (author)Paperback

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French rule in Syria and Lebanon coincided with the rise of colonial resistance around the world and with profound social trauma after World War I. In this tightly argued study, Elizabeth Thompson shows how Syrians and Lebanese mobilized, like other colonized peoples, to claim the terms of citizenship enjoyed in the European metropole. The negotiations between the French and citizens of the Mandate set the terms of politics for decades after Syria and Lebanon achieved independence in 1946. Colonial Citizens highlights gender as a central battlefield upon which the relative rights and obligations of states and citizens were established. The participants in this struggle included not only elite nationalists and French rulers, but also new mass movements of women, workers, youth, and Islamic populists. The author examines the "gendered battles" fought over France's paternalistic policies in health, education, labor, and the press. Two important and enduring political structures issued from these conflicts: * First, a colonial welfare state emerged by World War II that recognized social rights of citizens to health, education, and labor protection. * Second, tacit gender pacts were forged first by the French and then reaffirmed by the nationalist rulers of the independent states. These gender pacts represented a compromise among male political rivals, who agreed to exclude and marginalize female citizens in public life. This study provides a major contribution to the social construction of gender in nationalist and postcolonial discourse. Returning workers, low-ranking religious figures, and most of all, women to the narrative history of the region-figures usually omitted-Colonial Citizens enhances our understanding of the interwar period in the Middle East, providing needed context for a better understanding of statebuilding, nationalism, Islam, and gender since World War II.

About Author

Elizabeth Thompson is an associate professor of history at the University of Virginia.


I. War and the Advent of French Rule: A Crisis of Paternity 1. World War I: Famine, Memory, and a Shattered Social Order 2. Soldiers and Patriarchs: Pillars of Colonial Paternalism 3. Bureaucrats: Mother France's Civilizing Mission II. Paternal Republicanism and the Construction of Subaltern Citizens 4. State Social Policy: Constructing a Hierarchy of Citizens 5. Revolt: The Rise of Subaltern Movements III. Gender and the Legal Boundaries of the Colonial Civic Order 6. Political Rights: Women's Suffrage as a Revolutionary Threat 7. The Veil and the Dual Legal System 8. Civil Rights: Patriotic Motherhood and Religious Law Reform 9. Social Rights: Emergence of a Colonial Welfare State IV. Gendering The Public: Spatial Boundaries Of The Colonial Civic Order 10. Remapping the Urban Landscape 11. Street Violence: Regendering an Old Urban Space 12. Cinemas: Gendering a New Urban Space 13. The Press: Gendering the Virtual Public V. World War II and the Transformation of the Colonial Civic Order 14. Climax of the Colonial Welfare State 15. Claiming Paternity of Independent Republics 16. The Making of Postcolonial Citizens

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780231106610
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 400
  • ID: 9780231106610
  • ISBN10: 0231106610

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