Peter Abelard wrote his Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans in the mid-1130s, toward the end of his life, while teaching in Paris. Filled with questions on topics such as redemption, grace, and original sin, the commentary demonstrates the growing interest of urban scholars in applying dialectic to the study of Sacred Scripture. Abelard's analysis of some of these topics contributed to his second condemnation at the Council of Sens in 1140.
Steven R. Cartwright received his Ph.D. in history from Western Michigan University, where he continues to teach. He co-edited Second Thessalonians: Two Early Medieval Apocalyptic Commentaries and contributed to The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050. He is currently editing The Brill Companion to St. Paul in the Middle Ages.