This study explores the manner in which English Renaissance poets invented a poetic genealogy. The title comes from Franciscus Junius, who in 1638 used the term ""conceived presence"" to describe the ancient masters whose paintings had been lost but who nonetheless remained important forebears to the tradition of visual art. Raphael Falco applies the notion of ""conceived presences"" to late 16th-century poets intent on establishing a national literature. They too conceived the presence of their forebears, both ancient and modern. As Falco demonstrates, Elizabethan and Jacobean poets saw Philip Sidney as their most important modern precursor and placed him at the root of their family tree. The book's introduction examines the use of heraldic and genealogical rhetoric in relation to theories of the origins of poetry. Subsequent chapters provide close studies of Sidney, Edmund Spenser, Ben Jonson, and John Milton. Falco demonstrates a thorough knowledge of the most recent Renaissance criticism, both historicist and linguistic. His book reveals a promising synthesis of critical approaches, a New Humanism in which theoretical perspectives and philological research combine to shed light on the aesthetic ambitions of English Renaissance poets.