By comparatively assessing three conflict-affected jurisdictions (Liberia, Northern Ireland and Timor-Leste), Conflict-Related Violence against Women empirically and theoretically expands current understanding of the form and nature of conflict-time harms impacting women. The 'violences' that occur in conflict beyond strategic rape are first identified. Employing both a disaggregated and an aggregated approach, relations between forms of violence within and across each context's pre-, mid- and post-conflict phase are then assessed, identifying connections and distinctions in violence. Swaine highlights a wider spectrum of conflict-related violence against women than is currently acknowledged. She identifies a range of forces that simultaneously push open and close down spaces for addressing violence against women through post-conflict transitional justice. The book proposes that in the aftermath of conflict, a transformation rather than a transition is required if justice is to play a role in preventing gendered violence before conflict and its appearance during and after conflict.
Aisling Swaine is Associate Professor of International Affairs at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University. Swaine is also a Visiting Fellow at the Transitional Justice Institute, University of Ulster, and was previously a Hauser Global Fellow at the Centre for Human Rights and Global Justice at the School of Law, New York University. She previously worked with the United Nations and international non-governmental aid organizations in conflict and post-conflict settings, and continues to provide consultation to a number of international organizations including the Trust Fund for Victims of the International Criminal Court, UN Women and Irish Aid.
Part I. Introduction: 1. Introduction; Part II. Approaches to Understanding Conflict-Related Violence Against Women: 2. Historic prevalence vs contemporary celebrity: sexing dichotomies in today's wars; 3. Who wins the worst violence contest? Armed conflict and violence in Northern Ireland, Liberia and Timor-Leste; Part III. Violence Against Women before, during and after Conflict: 4. Beyond strategic rape: expanding conflict-related violence against women; 5. Connections and distinctions: ambulant violence across pre-, during and post-conflict contexts; 6. Seeing violence in the aftermath: what's labeling got to do with it?; Part IV. Justice, Transition and Transformation: 7. Transitions and violence after conflict: transitional justice; 8. Conclusion: transition or transformation?