Constitutional Review in Europe: A Comparative Analysis (European and National Constitutional Law Series)

Constitutional Review in Europe: A Comparative Analysis (European and National Constitutional Law Series)

By: Maartje De Visser (author)Paperback

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Description

Adopting a comparative perspective, this book offers a comprehensive study of the institution of constitutional review in 11 European countries (Belgium, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Hungary, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland and the United Kingdom) as well as a critical appraisal of the EU legal order in light of these national experiences. Where possible, the book endeavours to identify Europe's common and diverse constitutional traditions of constitutional review. More particularly, the raison d'etre, jurisdiction and composition of constitutional courts are explored and so too are core features of the constitutional adjudicatory process. Yet, this book also deliberately draws attention to the role of non-judicial actors in upholding the Constitution, as well as the complex interplay amongst constitutional courts and other actors at the national and European level. ` ... a highly welcome contribution as a well-researched handbook for all those interested in comparative constitutional legal studies in the Member States and the EU constitutional legal order'. Benedikt Pirker, European Law Blog ` ... this book is a veritable tour de force as it is a tour d'Europe. Comparative analysis of constitutional review from a neutral perspective encompassing eleven states and the EU, is a highly ambitious project, one that de Visser has achieved in accomplishing with great skill and eloquence'. Joelle Grogan, EUtopia Law Blog `Ultimately, Maartje de Visser's comparative contribution to the exploration of the constitutional review issue should be warmly welcomed as an even-handed, lucidly written and insightful addition to the ever-swelling body of scholarship in this area ... the author has managed to construct, without superficiality and with well-paced order, a comprehensive and credible survey of constitutional review practices across Europe - a survey that is at once a heavy-duty piece of scholarship and a generally fascinating book'. Joseph Tomlinson, Cambridge Law Journal `[T]his book should be considered the new compulsory starting point for anyone interested in any key aspect of the constitutional adjudicatory process, and wishing to be quickly able to rely on authoritative points of comparison ... [I]t is difficult not to be struck by the quality of the research undertaken and the subtle nature of the analysis ... Written in an engaging style, which constantly holds the reader's attention, de Visser's monograph makes a decisive contribution to our understanding of the institution of constitutional review in Europe. There is little doubt that it will become a classic reference for the practitioners, academics and students of comparative constitutional law'. Laurent Pech, International Journal of Constitutional Law Blog (ICON-NECT)

About Author

Maartje de Visser is an Assistant Professor of Law at the Singapore Management University. This book is the culmination of research carried out between 2008 and 2013 when Maartje was a member of the European and National Constitutional Law (EuNaCon) Project, funded by the European Research Council (ERC).

Contents

Introduction Introductory Definitions: Constitutional Interpretation and Constitutional Review Background: The Need for a Perspective Combining National and European Constitutional Law Objectives Method Terminology Structure Chapter 1 The Role of Non-Judicial Actors in Upholding the Constitution I. Introduction II. Councils of State and Chancellors of Justice III. Parliament and its Committees IV. Heads of State V. The People VI. Concluding Remarks Chapter 2 The Rise of Constitutional Adjudication I. Introduction II. The Notion of 'Constitutional Jurisdiction' III. Exploring the Reasons behind the Rise of Constitutional Adjudication IV. Bucking the Trend? A Closer Look at the Approaches of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom V. Concluding Remarks and Some Brief Reflections on the Two European Courts Chapter 3 Purposes of Constitutional Adjudication and Access to Constitutional Courts I. Introduction II. The Institutional Design of Constitutional Adjudication III. Four Purposes that May be Served by Constitutional Adjudication IV. Final Comparative Remarks and Reflections on the Court of Justice Chapter 4 The Constitutional Bench I. Introduction II. Selection and Appointment Procedures III. Number of Judges and Eligibility Criteria IV. Tenure of Judicial Appointments and Termination Thereof V. Final Comparative Remarks and Reflections on the Court of Justice Chapter 5 Identifying the Sources of Standards for Constitutional Review I. Introduction II. Belgium: Cour constitutionnelle III. Czech Republic: Ustavni Soud IV. Germany: Bundesverfassungsgericht V. France: Conseil constitutionnel VI. Hungary: Alkotmanybirosag VII. Italy: Corte costituzionale VIII. Poland: Trybunal Konstytucyjny IX. Spain: Tribunal Constitucional X. The Netherlands: Raad van State XI. United Kingdom: House of Lords Constitution Committee XII. Finland: Perustuslakivaliokunta XIII. European Union: Court of Justice XIV. Comparative Remarks Chapter 6 Testing and Remedying Unconstitutionality I. Introduction II. Deference Rhetoric III. Theory of the Living Law IV. Constitution-Conform Interpretation V. Types of Judgment and their Effects VI. Concluding Remarks Chapter 7 Interplay between Constitutional Courts and Other Actors I. Introduction II. Interactions between Constitutional Courts and (Constitutional) Legislatures III. Interactions between Constitutional Courts and the Ordinary Courts IV. Interactions among European Constitutional Courts V. Interactions between Constitutional Courts and the Court of Justice VI. Interactions between National Highest and Constitutional Courts and the European Court of Human Rights VII. Concluding Remarks

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781849469715
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 528
  • ID: 9781849469715
  • weight: 835
  • ISBN10: 1849469717

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