Constitutive Criminology offers an affirmative, holistic approach to the study of crime. Taking as its starting point that individuals not only shape the world but are shaped by it, this book argues that the behaviours of those who offend and victimize others cannot be understood in isolation from the society of which they are a part.
Instead of setting out to identify factors that cause offending, constitutive criminology examines the co-production of crime by human subjects and by the social and organizational structures that humans develop. The implications are, first, that crime must be deconstructed as a recurrent discursive process and, secondly, that conscious attempts must be made at reconstruction with a view to preventing recurrence. In constrast with the sceptical versions of postmodernism that pervade the social sciences and humanities Stuart Henry and Dragan Milovanovic focus on reconstruction and redirection. Drawing together disparate perspectives,they analyze a number of key themes, including: human nature and behaviour; society and social order; the role of the law; the definitions of crime; crime causation; and justice policy and practice.
Introduction `Here There Be Dragons' Human Subjects and Human Behavior On the Problem of Similarity and Difference Society and Social Structure Criminology's Visions of the House of Social (Dis)Order The Structuring of Law A Constitutive Socio-Legal Analysis Definitions of Crime and Constructions of the Victim Modernist Theories of Crime Causation Postmodernist Approaches to Causality and the Constitution of Crime The Justice Policy of Constitutive Criminology Reconstruction through Replacement Discourse(s) The Justice Practice of Constitutive Criminology Replacing Technologies of Discipline with Languages of Possibility