Why are some regimes democratic while others are not? Specifically, how have Spain and Italy managed to become democratic while Turkey, which shares many similar characteristics, has not?
Spain, Italy and Turkey have shared common historical features which would have been disruptive to any new democracy; however they represent a wide array of democratization experiences. Providing a comparative case study analysis, this book offers some clues as to the reasons for successful transitions to democracy. This is done through a range of variables which include:
the degree of `stateness' problems
learning from previous experiences with democracy and authoritarianism
the procedures used for designing the new rules of the regime
the existence or absence of `civil society' and the connection between society and political institutions
the democratic rules themselves
the professionalization of the military
the influence of external factors on democratic consolidation.
By examining these variables across the three countries, Lauren McLaren narrows the range of possible explanations for differences in democratic consolidation. The book will be of particular interest to students and researchers of European Politics and Democratization Studies.
Lauren M. McLaren is Associate Professor of Politics at the University Of Nottingham, UK.
1. Introduction 2. Problems in State Building 3. Experiencing the Breakdown of Democracy 4. Pre-Transition Economic Structures and Economic Development 5. Constitution Building 6. The Representation of Social and Political Cleavages 7. The Functioning of Government: Executive and Parliament 8. The Resolution of Regional Conflict 9. The Professionalization of the Military 10. External Influences and Democratic Consolidation 11. Conclusion. Appendix: Research Design and Case Selection