Construction innovation is an important but contested concept, both in industry practice and academic reflection and research. A fundamental reason for this is the nature of the construction industry itself: the industry and the value creation activities taking place there are multi-disciplinary, heterogeneous, distributed and often fragmented. This book takes a new approach to construction innovation, revealing different perspectives, set in a broader context. It coalesces multiple theoretical and practice-based views in order to stimulate reflection and to prepare the ground for further synthesis. By being clear, cogent and unambiguous on the most basic definitions, it can mobilise a plurality of perspectives on innovation to promote fresh thinking on how it can be studied, enabled, measured, and propagated across the industry. This book does not gloss over the real-life complexity of construction innovation. Instead, its authors look explicitly at the challenges that conceptual issues entail and by making their own position clear, they open up fresh intellectual space for reflection.
Construction Innovation examines innovation from different positions and through different conceptual lenses to reveal the richness that the theoretical perspectives offer to our understanding of the way that the construction sector actors innovate at both project and organizational levels. The editors have brought together here leading scholars to deconstruct the concept of innovation and to discuss the merits of different perspectives, their commonalities and their diversity. The result is an invaluable sourcebook for those studying and leading innovation in the design, the building and the maintenance of our built environment.
The editors: Finn Orstavik, Associate Professor at the Department of History, Sociology and Innovation at Buskerud and Vestfold University College in Norway. Andrew Dainty, Professor of Construction Sociology at Loughborough University s School of Civil and Building Engineering. Carl Abbott, Professor of Construction Innovation & Enterprise and Director of the Salford Centre for Research & Innovation at the University of Salford s School of the Built Environment
About the Authors ix Foreword by Wim Bakens, CIB xv Preface xvii Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Construction Innovation: Concepts and Controversies 3 Perspectives on Construction Innovation 4 Instead of Conclusions 10 References 11 Chapter 2 Incentives for Innovation in Construction 13 Introduction 13 A Schumpeterian Definition of Construction Innovation 17 Innovation in Construction 18 Construction Innovation and Complexity 20 Construction Innovation and Asymmetric Information 20 Construction Innovation and Multi-Parametric Optimization 22 Conclusion 25 Acknowledgements 26 References 26 Chapter 3 Built-in Innovation and the Ambiguity of Designing Accessibility 29 Introduction: Making Innovation Accessible 29 Methodology 32 The Case: The World s Most Accessible Office Building 33 Discussion: In Search of the Innovation 38 Conclusions 42 Acknowledgements 44 References 45 Chapter 4 Stakeholder Integration Champions and Innovation in the Built Environment 47 Introduction 47 Stakeholder Integration Champions, Collaboration and Participation 50 Method 51 Creating the Conditions for Innovation in the Built Environment 52 Integration for Innovation 57 Conclusion 58 Acknowledgements 60 References 60 Chapter 5 Grassroots Innovation in the Construction Industry 65 Introduction 65 Grassroots Innovation 66 The Elements of Grassroots Innovation 68 Grassroots Innovation in Practice 69 Assessing the Potential of Grassroots Innovation in Construction 73 Conclusion 75 References 76 Chapter 6 Regulation and Innovation in New Build Housing: Insights into the Adoption and Diffusion of Micro-Generation Technologies 79 Introduction 79 Regulation and Innovation for Sustainable Building 81 Case Study Example 84 Conclusions 86 Acknowledgement 87 References 87 Chapter 7 An Industrial Network Perspective on Innovation in Construction 89 Introduction 89 Innovation in the Construction Industry 90 An Industrial Network Perspective on Innovation 91 Understanding Innovation as Resource Interaction Processes 93 Empirical Examples 95 Conclusions 98 References 99 Chapter 8 Innovation Diffusion Across Firms 103 Introduction 103 Antecedents 103 Central Themes 104 Points of Departure 105 How to Approach the Problem 105 Mapping Networks of Innovation Diffusion 107 The Innovation Diffusion Network 109 The Network of Firms Engaged in the Innovation Diffusion Process 110 Sense-Making Framework 113 Conclusion 114 References 115 Chapter 9 Clients Shaping Construction Innovation 119 Introduction 119 Empirical Grounding 122 Findings 127 Conclusions 131 References 132 Chapter 10 Innovation in Road Building: Removing Obstacles for Diffusion of Novel Building Products 135 Introduction 135 Methods 138 Findings and Discussion 141 Pre-Project Product Certification Process 142 Conclusion 145 References 147 Chapter 11 Innovating for Integration: Clients as Drivers of Industry Improvement 149 Introduction 149 Theory of Integration 151 Drivers and Strategies for Innovation Diffusion 153 Framework for Analysis 154 Integrated Project Delivery 155 Building Information Modelling 157 Supply Chain Integration 160 Conclusions 161 References 163 Chapter 12 Project Delivery Systems and Innovation: The Case of US Road Building 165 Introduction 165 Design-Build 166 Public-Private Partnerships 170 Construction-Manager-as-General-Contractor 175 Conclusion 179 References 180 Chapter 13 The Leitmotif of Building-Products Innovation in Finland: From Commercial Technology Exploitation to Sustainable Development 181 Introduction 181 The Evolving Context of Building Products Innovation in Finland 184 The Evolution of Industry Strategies 186 Innovation Strategies in the Finnish Building Products Industry 188 Conclusion 197 Acknowledgements 198 References 198 Index 203