The current trend for constructing experimental structures is now an international phenomenon. It has been taken up worldwide by design professionals, researchers, educators and students alike. There exist, however, distinct and significant tendencies within this development that require further investigation. This issue of AD takes on this task by examining one of the most promising trajectories in this area, the rise of intensely local architectures. In his seminal essay of 1983, Kenneth Frampton redefined Critical Regionalism by calling for an intensely local approach to architectural design. Today, Frampton s legacy is regaining relevance for a specific body of work in practice and education focused on the construction of experimental structures. Could this ultimately provide the seeds for a compelling and alternative approach to sustainable design?
Contributors include: Barbara Ascher, Peter Buchanan, Karl Otto Ellefsen, David Jolly Monge, Lisbet Harboe, David Leatherbarrow, Areti Markopoulou, Philip Nobel, Rodrigo Rubio, Soren S Sorensen, Defne Sungurodlu Hensel.
Featured practices: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Rintala Eggertsson, SHoP, Studio Mumbai, TYIN tegnestue.
Michael Hensel is an architect, researcher and writer. He is Professor for architecture at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO), where he directs the Research Centre for Architecture and Tectonics (RCAT). Previously he taught at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London (1993-2009), where he developed the curriculum and co-directed the Emergent Technologies and Design Program (2001-2009). He has held visiting professorships and innovation fellowships and taught and lectured in Europe, the Americas, Asia and Australia. He is founding member of OCEAN (1994). He is founding and current chairman of the OCEAN Design Research Association and the Sustainable Environment Association (SEA). He has written extensively on architecture. He has guest-edited 5 ADs and is on the editorial board. Christian Hermansen Cordua is a professor at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO) and formerly Head of the Department of Architecture (2004-9). He has taught internationally and in 2010 he spent a semester as visiting researcher at the LSE, Cities Programme.. He has published several books and contributed to journals, books and exhibitions in Europe and America. In recent years he has held several European Union funded research projects. E-archidoct, which ended in 2010, and currently: HERA, Scarcity and Creativity in the Built Environment (2010-1013) and Erasmus Mundus Latin America Project (2012-2015).
Editorial 05 Helen Castle About the Guest-Editors 06 Michael Hensel and Christian Hermansen Cordua Introduction Relating Perceptions of Constructions, Experimental and Local 08 Michael Hensel and Christian Hermansen Cordua Chapter 1 Past and Present Trajectories of Experimental Architectures 16 Michael Hensel and Christian Hermansen Cordua Chapter 2 Building In and Out of Place 24 David Leatherbarrow Chapter 3 The Bauhaus: Case Study Experiments in Education 30 Barbara Elisabeth Ascher Chapter 4 The Open City and the e[ad] School of Architecture and Design 34 Christian Hermansen Cordua, David Jolly Monge and Michael Hensel Chapter 5 Incarnations of a Design-and-Build Programme: Rural Studio 40 Michael Hensel Chapter 6 Architecture by Latitude and Locality: The Scarcity and Creativity Studio 48 Michael Hensel and Christian Hermansen Cordua Chapter 7 In Search of Context: Working with the Force of Erasure: Koshirakura Landscape Workshop 58 Shin Egashira Chapter 8 Detoured Installations: The Policies and Architecture of the Norwegian National Tourist Routes Project 64 Karl Otto Ellefsen Chapter 9 Conviction Into Tectonics: The Work of Rintala Eggertsson 76 Christian Hermansen Cordua Chapter 10 Integrating On-Site Education and Practice: TYIN tegnestue Architects 82 Lisbet Harboe Chapter 11 Renzo Piano: Poet of Technology 88 Peter Buchanan Chapter 12 The Practice of Making: Studio Mumbai 94 Michael Hensel Chapter 13 The Builder s Name: SHoP and the Ethics of Knowledge Transfer 102 Philip Nobel Chapter 14 Informed Non-Standard: En Route to Non-Standard Performative Architectures 110 Soren S Sorensen Chapter 15 Auxiliary Architectures: Augmenting Existing Architectures with Performative Capacities 116 Chapter 16 Nested Catenaries: A Developmental Route to Local Specificity 120 Defne Sunguro lu Hensel and Guillem Baraut Bover Chapter 17 Smart Living Architecture Solar Prototypes: IAAC, Endesa Pavilion, Barcelona 128 Areti Markopoulou and Rodrigo Rubio Chapter 18 Outlook: En Route to Intensely Local Architectures and Tectonics 132 Michael Hensel and Christian Hermansen Cordua Chapter 19 Counterpoint Sustaining the Local: An Alternative Approach to Sustainable Design 136 Terri Peters Contributors 142