Now in an updated edition with fresh perspectives on high-profile ethical issues such as torture and same-sex marriage, this collection pairs cogently argued essays by leading philosophers with opposing views on fault-line public concerns. Revised and updated new edition with five new pairs of essays on prominent contemporary issues including torture and same-sex marriage, and a survey of theories of ethics by Stephen Darwall Leading philosophers tackle colleagues with opposing views in contrasting essays on core issues in applied ethics An ideal semester-length course text certain to generate vigorous discussion
Andrew I. Cohen is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Georgia State University, USA, and Director of its Jean Beer Blumenfeld Center for Ethics. His published work focuses on rights theory and political philosophy and includes co-editorship of this volume s first edition (Blackwell, 2005). Professor Cohen is currently researching issues concerning reparations and public contrition for past injustices that in many cases continue to inflame geopolitical sensibilities. Christopher Heath Wellman is Professor of Philosophy at Washington University in St. Louis, USA. A specialist in the ethical aspects of political and legal philosophy, his books include the forthcoming Liberal Rights and Responsibilities: Debating the Ethics of Immigration (due for publication in 2013), and A Liberal Theory of International Justice (2009, with Andrew Altman), in addition to co-editing the first edition of this work.
[*new to second edition] Notes on Contributors vii Acknowledgments xiii Introduction Andrew I. Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman 1 ETHICAL THEORY 11 1 *Theories of Ethics Stephen L. Darwall 13 ISSUES IN LIFE AND DEATH 33 Abortion 35 2 The Wrong of Abortion Patrick Lee and Robert P. George 37 3 The Moral Permissibility of Abortion Margaret Olivia Little 51 Euthanasia 63 4 In Defense of Voluntary Active Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide Michael Tooley 65 5 A Case Against Euthanasia Daniel Callahan 82 Animals 93 6 Empty Cages: Animal Rights and Vivisection Tom Regan 95 7 Animals and Their Medical Use R.G. Frey 109 ISSUES IN JUSTICE 121 Affi rmative action 123 8 A Defense of Affi rmative Action Albert Mosley 125 9 Preferential Policies Have Become Toxic Celia Wolf-Devine 141 Capital punishment 157 10 A Defense of the Death Penalty Louis P. Pojman 159 11 Why We Should Put the Death Penalty to Rest Stephen Nathanson 175 Reparations 189 12 *Compensation and Past Injustice Bernard Boxill 191 13 *Must We Provide Material Redress for Past Wrongs? Nahshon Perez 203 Profi ling 217 14 *Bayesian Inference and Contractualist Justifi cation on Interstate 95 Arthur Isak Applbaum 219 15 *Racial Profi ling and the Meaning of Racial Categories Deborah Hellman 232 Torture 245 16 *Ticking Time-Bombs and Torture Fritz Allhoff 247 17 *Torture and its Apologists Bob Brecher 260 ISSUES OF PRIVACY AND THE GOOD 273 Same-sex marriage 275 18 *Same-Sex Marriage and the Defi nitional Objection John Corvino 277 19 *Making Sense of Marriage Sherif Girgis 290 Pornography 305 20 The Right to Get Turned On: Pornography, Autonomy, Equality Andrew Altman 307 21 The Price We Pay ? Pornography and Harm Susan J. Brison 319 Drugs 333 22 *In Favor of Drug Decriminalization Douglas Husak 335 23 *Against the Legalization of Drugs Peter de Marneffe 346 ISSUES OF COSMOPOLITANISM AND COMMUNITY 359 Immigration 361 24 Immigration: The Case for Limits David Miller 363 25 The Case for Open Immigration Chandran Kukathas 376 Humanitarian intervention 389 26 *The Moral Structure of Humanitarian Intervention Fernando R. Teson 391 27 *The Morality of Humanitarian Intervention Bas van der Vossen 404 World hunger 417 28 Famine Relief: The Duties We Have to Others Christopher Heath Wellman 419 29 Famine Relief and Human Virtue Andrew I. Cohen 431 Index 447