Complex, innovative and thought-provoking, Iranian art in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries offers fresh insight into a culture and society that have been much misunderstood in the West and elsewhere. In this new, comprehensive study, featuring 379 full-colour images, Hamid Keshmirshekan considers the dynamics at play for Iranian artists as they confront their cultural past as well as issues of contemporaneity and cultural specificity. He contends that the twentieth century in particular proved a crucial period in the art and culture of Iran; it was then that the legacies of tradition and modernism came under critical review, and artistic concerns revealed themselves as indivisible from ideological ones. Contemporary Iranian Art includes major work by acclaimed Iranian artists such as Mahmoud Bakhshi, Shadi Ghadirian, Barbad Golshiri, Marcos Grigorian, Farhad Moshiri, Shirin Neshat, Sohrab Sepehri, Mitra Tabrizian, Parviz Tanavoli and Charles Hossein Zenderoudi. Preface by Hala Khayat, Specialist in Modern and Contemporary Arab, Iranian and Turkish Art, Christie's.
Hamid Keshmirshekan is an art historian, critic and Visiting Fellow at the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford and Editor-in-Chief of the bilingual quarterly, Art Tomorrow. His other works include 'Amidst Shadow and Light: Contemporary Iranian Art and Artists'.
PREFACE NOTE ON TRANSLITERATION INTRODUCTION 1. MODERN CULTURE AND ITS AFFINITY WITH POLITICAL AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF IRAN 2. NATIONALISM AND ITS PLACE IN IRANIAN POLITICAL CULTURE 3. RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS AND THEIR RELATION TO IRANIAN SOCIO-POLITICAL CULTURE CHAPTER 1: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 1. A TRANSFORMATION IN QAJAR ART 2. THE DAR AL-FUNUN 3. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE MADRASA-I SANAYI'-I MUSTAZRAFA (SCHOOL OF FINE ART) IN 1911 4. MADRASA SANAYI'-I QADIMA (SCHOOL OF TRADITIONAL ARTS) AND THE FORMATION OF THE SO-CALLED SCHOOL OF TEHRAN CHAPTER 2: DECADES OF HESITANCY AND CONFRONTATION: MODERNISM VERSUS THE STATUS QUO 1. THE BEGINNING OF THE MODERN ART MOVEMENT IN IRAN: THE 1940S 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERNISM DURING THE 1940S AND 1950S CHAPTER 3 QUESTIONS OF IDENTITY, NATIVISM AND NATIONALISM ALONGSIDE MODERNISM IN ART AND SOCIO-POLITICAL CULTURE: NEO-TRADITIONALIST MOVEMENTS 1. THE NATIONAL SCHOOL OF ART AND THE OBSESSION WITH IDENTITY AND CULTURAL CONCERNS: SAQQA-KHANEH; A NEO-TRADITIONALIST MOVEMENT 2. POST-SAQQA-KHANEH AND OTHER TRENDS 2.1. THE GENRE OF 'NEO-CALLIGRAPHY' 2.2. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERNISM IN THE 1970S CHAPTER 4 POST-REVOLUTIONARY ART 1. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ARTISTIC CENTRE OF ISLAMIC PROPAGANDA ORGANISATION (HOWZEH-I HUNARI-I SAZMAN-I TABLIGHAT-I ISLAMI): REVOLUTIONARY ART AND ARTISTS 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRADITIONALIST TRENDS: CALLIGRAPHIC TENDENCIES AND MINIATURE PAINTING 3. POST-REVOLUTIONARY MODERNISM AND DISCOURSES POST-REVOLUTIONARY NATIONAL ART BIENNIALS, THE STATE AND CULTURAL POLICY: CULTURAL IDENTITY IN QUESTION CHAPTER 5: DEVELOPMENT OF POST-REVOLUTIONARY CONTEMPORARY DISCOURSES: THE MID-1990S ONWARD 1. THE EMERGENCE OF CONTEMPORARY ART AND NEW ARTISTIC DISCOURSES 2. PARADIGMS OF CONTEMPORARY IRANIAN ART 3. CONTEMPORANEITY VERSUS QUESTIONS OF CULTURAL SPECIFICITY CHAPTER 6: IRANIAN DIASPORIC ART BIBLIOGRAPHY ACKNOWLEDGMENTS LIST OF COLLECTIONS INDEX