This proceedings volume reviews the current status of research in major frontline areas of physics. With contributions from leading physicists, the areas of research covered in the various papers include condensed matter physics, particle physics, quantum optics, quantum computing and laser physics, nanosciences, synchrotron radiation, relativity, astrophysics and cosmology, and plasma physics.
Synchroton Radiation and Applications: Physics and Biology: Applications of Synchroton Radiation in Biology (L N Johnson); Sesame -- A Project to Foster Science and Peace and Its Relevance for the Region (H Schopper); The Impact of Synchroton Light Sources on Science and Society in Developing Countries (H Winick); Quantum Physics and Quantum Information: Discrimination of Quantum States with Selected Applications (J A Bergou); Physical Problems of Brain-Computer Interfacing (P Fromherz); NMR Implementation of Exponential Sums for Integer Factorization (M etefanak et al.); Nonlinear Phenomena and Plasma Physics: Complexity and Hydrodynamic Turbulence (K R Sreenivasan); Nonlinear Interactions in Quantum Systems (P K Shukla & B Eliasson); Vortex in Plasmas -- Topology, Singularity and Scale Hierarchy (Z Yoshida); Nanophysics and Applications: Symmetry and Novelty in the Electronic and Geometric Structure of Nanoalloys: The Case of Ag27Cu7 (M Alcantara Ortigoza & T S Rahman); New Approaches to Photovoltaic and Photoelectrochemical Energy Conversion (S Ismat Shah et al.); Particle Physics, Gravity and Cosmology: Theoretical Interest in B-Meson Physics at the B Factories, Tevatron and the LHC (A Ali); Quantum Gravity and Black Holes (V Husain); Constraints on Alternative Theories of Gravity and Cosmology (A F Zakharov).